Xenophanes, Testimonia, Part 2: Doctrine (D)

LCL 526: 40-41

Go To Section
Go To Section
Tools

EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY III

Earth and Water as Origins (D25–D27)

D25 (< A29, B29) Philop. In Phys., p. 125.30; Simpl. In Phys., p. 189.1

γῆ καὶ ὕδωρ πάντ’ ἔσθ’ ὅσα γίνοντ’ ἠδὲ φύονται.

πάντ’ ἔσθ’ ὅσα Philop.: πᾶν ἔστ’ ὅσα Simpl. E: πάντα θ’ ὅσσα Simpl. F: πᾶν ὅσα τε Simpl. D: πάνθ’ ὅσσα Simpl. ed. Ald. γίνοντ’ (γίνονται mss.) ἠδὲ φύονται Simpl.: φύοντ’ ἠδὲ γίνονται Philop.

D26 (B33) Sext. Emp. Adv. Math. 9.361, 10.314 (et al.)

πάντες γὰρ γαίης τε καὶ ὕδατος ἐκγενόμεσθα.

γὰρ om. (Ps.-?) Hippol. Ref. 10.7

D27 (A36, B27) Sext. Emp. Adv. Math. 10.313

ἐκ γαίης γὰρ πάντα, καὶ εἰς γῆν πάντα τελευτᾷ.

Clouds as Cosmological Principles (D28–D40) The Sun and Moon Are Clouds (D28–D35) The Nature of the Sun and Moon (D28–D29)

D28 (A40) Aët. 2.20.3 (Stob. 1.25.1a–b, cf. Ps.-Plut., Theod. 4.21, Eus. PE 15.23) [περὶ οὐσίας ἡλίου]

a

Ξενοφάνης ἐκ νεφῶν πεπυρωμένων εἶναι τὸν ἥλιον.1

40

XENOPHANES

Earth and Water as Origins (D25–D27)

D25 (< A29, B29) Philoponus and Simplicius, Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics

Earth and water are everything that comes into being and grows.1

D26 (B33) Sextus Empiricus, Against the Natural Philosophers

For all of us came about from earth and water.

D27 (A36, B27) Sextus Empiricus, Against the Natural Philosophers

For from earth come all these [or: all] things, and into earth all end up.

Clouds as Cosmological Principles (D28–D40) The Sun and Moon Are Clouds (D28–D35) The Nature of the Sun and Moon (D28–D29)

D28 (A40) Aëtius

a

Xenophanes: the sun is made out of clouds that have been ignited.

41
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.xenophanes-doctrine.2016