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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY IX

XENIADES [81 DK]

D Sextus Empiricus’ Report on Xeniades’ Theses (D1)

D1 (> 81., 68 Β163) Sext. Emp. Adv. Math. 7.53

Ξενιάδης δὲ ὁ Κορίνθιος, οὗ καὶ Δημόκριτος μέμνηται, πάντ’ εἰπὼν ψευδῆ καὶ πᾶσαν φαντασίαν καὶ δόξαν ψεύδεσθαι καὶ ἐκ τοῦ μὴ ὄντος πᾶν τὸ γινόμενον γίνεσθαι καὶ εἰς τὸ μὴ ὂν πᾶν τὸ φθειρόμενον φθείρεσθαι [. . . = R1]. τὸ δ᾽ ὅτι πάντα ἐστὶ ψευδῆ καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἀκατάληπτα, δείκνυται ἐκ τῆς τῶν αἰσθήσεων διαβολῆς· εἰ γὰρ τὸ ἐπαναβεβηκὸς κριτήριον πάντων τῶν πραγμάτων ἐστὶ ψευδές, ἐξ ἀνάγκης καὶ πάντα ἐστὶ ψευδῆ. τὸ δέ γε ἐπαναβεβηκὸς κριτήριον πάντων τῶν πραγμάτων εἰσὶν αἱ αἰσθήσεις, καὶ δείκνυνται ψευδεῖς· πάντα ἄρα τὰ πράγματά ἐστι ψευδῆ.

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XENIADES

XENIADES

D Sextus Empiricus’ Report on Xeniades’ Theses (D1)

D1 (> 81., 68 Β163) Sextus Empiricus, Against the Logicians

Xeniades of Corinth, whom Democritus mentions [cf. ATOM. P25], and who asserted that all things are false, that every representation and opinion is false, that everything that comes to be comes to be out of what is not, and that everything that perishes perishes into what is not [. . .]. And it is demonstrated on the basis of slandering the senses that all things are false and for this reason cannot be known: for if the highest criterion of all things is false, then of necessity all things too are false. Now the highest criterion of all things are the perceptions, and it is demonstrated that they are false; therefore all things are false.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.xeniades-doctrine.2016