699 Athen. 12. 512f–513a (iii 132 Kaibel)
τοῦτον οὖν (τὸν Ἡρακλέα), φησίν (ὁ Μεγακλείδης), οἱ νέοι ποιηταὶ κατασκευάζουσιν ἐν λῃστοῦ σχήματι μόνον περιπορευόμενον, ξύλον ἔχοντα καὶ λεοντῆν καὶ τόξα. καὶ ταῦτα πλάσαι πρῶτον Στησίχορον τὸν Ἱμεραῖον. καὶ Ξάνθος δ᾿ ὁ μελοποιός, πρεσβύτερος ὢν Στησιχόρου, ὡς καὶ αὐτὸς ὁ Στησίχορος μαρτυρεῖ (229 P.M.G.)ὥς φησιν ὁ Μεγακλείδης, οὐ ταύτην αὐτῷ περιτίθησι τὴν στολὴν ἀλλὰ τὴν Ὁμηρικήν. πολλὰ δὲ τῶν Ξάνθου παραπεποίηκεν ὁ Στησίχορος, ὥσπερ καὶ τὴν Ὀρέστειαν καλουμένην.
700 Ael. V.H. 4. 26(p. 74 Dilts)
Ξάνθος ὁ ποιητὴς τῶν μελῶν (ἐγένετο δὲ οὗτος πρεσβύτερος Στησιχόρου τοῦ Ἱμεραίου) λέγει τὴν Ἠλέκτραν τοῦ Ἀγαμέμνονος οὐ τοῦτο ἔχειν τοὔνομα πρῶτον ἀλλὰ Λαοδίκην. ἐπεὶ δὲ Ἀγαμέμνων ἀνῃρέθη, τὴν δὲ Κλυταιμνήστραν ὁ Αἴγισθος ἔγημε καὶ ἐβασίλευσεν, ἄλεκτρον οὖσαν καὶ καταγηρῶσαν παρθένον Ἀργεῖοι Ἠλέκτραν ἐκάλεσαν διὰ τὸ ἀμοιρεῖν ἀνδρὸς καὶ μὴ πεπειρᾶσθαι λέκτρου.
699 Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner
Heracles, says Megaclides,1 is represented by the modern poets as travelling about alone in the guise of a bandit with club and lionskin and bow; and, he adds, it was Stesichorus of Himera who first thought this up. Xanthus, the lyric poet, who was earlier than Stesichorus, as Stesichorus himself testifies (229) according to Megaclides, does not give him this equipment but represents him as Homer did. Many of Xanthus’ poems have been adapted by Stesichorus,2 for example the one called The Oresteia.
700 Aelian, Historical Miscellanies
Xanthus, the lyric poet, who was earlier than Stesichorus of Himera, says that Electra, daughter of Agamemnon, was originally called Laodice1; but after Agamemnon had been murdered and Aegisthus had married Clytemnestra and become king, Laodice, unwed and growing old in her virginity, was called Electra by the Argives since she had had no intercourse with any man and had no experience of the marriage-bed.2
- 1Cf.Iliad 9. 145.
- 2The Doric form of her name, Alectra, is here wrongly derived from ἀ-, ‘without’, and λέκτρον, ‘marriage-bed’.
- 1Homeric scholar, probably of 4th c. b.c.
- 2Lesky suggested that Xanthus, like Stesichorus, belonged to Magna Graecia.