C. Vellei Paterculi Historiae Romanae
AD M. Vinicium Cos. Libri Duo
1I. Epeus1 tempestate distractus a duce suo Nestore Metapontum condidit. Teucer, non receptus a patre Telamone ob segnitiam non vindicatae fratris iniuriae, Cyprum adpulsus cognominem patriae suae Salamina constituit. Pyrrhus, Achillis filius, Epirum 2occupavit, Phidippus Ephyram in Thesprotia. At rex regum Agamemnon tempestate in Cretam insulam reiectus tres ibi urbes statuit, duas a patriae nomine, unam a victoriae memoria, Mycenas, Tegeam, Pergamum.
The Roman History of C. Velleius Paterculus
Dedicated to M. Vinicius, Consul
I. Epeus,a separated by a storm from Nestor, his chief, founded Metapontum. Teucer, disowned by his father Telamon because of his laxity in not avenging the wrong done to his brother,b was driven to Cyprus and founded Salamis, named after the place of his birth. Pyrrhus, the son of Achilles, established himself in Epirus; Phidippusc in Ephyra in Thesprotia. Agamemnon, king of kings, cast by a tempest upon the island of Crete, founded there three cities, two of which, Mycenae and Tegea, were named after towns in his own country, and the other was called Pergamum in commemoration of his victory.
- aThe subject of the sentence has been lost in the lacuna. He was relating the return of the heroes from Troy. From Justin xx. 2. 1 it is clear that he is here speaking of Epeus, the builder of the Trojan horse. Justin’s statement is as follows: “Metapontini quoque in templo Minervae ferra- menta, quibus Epeus, a quo conditi sunt, equum Troianum fabricavit, ostendunt.”
- cPhidippus was one of the minor leaders in the Trojan war. According to Homer, Il. ii. 678, he came from the islands of Calydnae off the coast of Caria.