M. Terenti Varronis De Lingua Latina
liber v explicit; incipit
I. 1. Origines verborum qua<e>1 sumt2 locorum et ea quae in his in priore libro scripsi. In hoc dicam de vocabulis temporum et earum rerum quae in agendo fiunt aut dicuntur cum tempore aliquo ut sedetur, ambulatur, loquontur; atque si qua erunt ex diverso genere adiuncta, potius cognationi verborum quam auditori calumnianti geremus3 morem.
2. Huius rei auctor satis mihi Chrysippus et Antipater et illi in quibus, si non tantum acuminis, at plus litterarum, in quo est Aristophanes et Apollodorus, qui omnes verba ex verbis ita declinari scribunt, ut verba litteras alia assumant, alia mittant, alia
Marcus Terentius Varro’s on the Latin Language
book v ends, and here begins
I. 1. The sources of the words which are names of places and are names of those things which are in these places, I have written in the preceding book. In the present book I shall speak about the names of times and of those things which in the performance take place or are said with some time-factor, such as sitting, walking, talking: and if there are any words of a different sort attached to these, I shall give heed rather to the kinship of the words than to the rebukes of my listener.
2. In this subject I rely on Chrysippusa as an adequate authority, and on Antipater,b and on those in whom there was more learning even if not so much insight, among them Aristophanesc and Apollodorusd: all these write that words are so derived from words, that the words in some instances take on letters, in others lose them, in still others change them, as in the case of turdus ‘thrush’ takes place
- aOf Soli in Cilicia (280–207 b.c.), who followed Cleanthes as leader of the Stoic school of philosophy in Athens; page 154 von Arnim.
- bOf Tarsus, who succeeded Diogenes of Seleucia as head of the Stoic school in the fir.st part of the second century b.c.; page 17 von Arnim.
- cOf Byzantium (262–185 b.c.), eminent grammarian at Alexandria; page 269 Nauck.
- dOf Athens, pupil of Aristarchus the grammarian and of Diogenes of Seleucia; Frag. Hist. Graec. i. 462 Mueller.