Varro, On the Latin Language

LCL 333: 172-173

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Varro

M. Terenti Varronis De Lingua Latina

liber v explicit; incipit

Liber VI

I. 1. Origines verborum qua<e>1 sumt2 locorum et ea quae in his in priore libro scripsi. In hoc dicam de vocabulis temporum et earum rerum quae in agendo fiunt aut dicuntur cum tempore aliquo ut sedetur, ambulatur, loquontur; atque si qua erunt ex diverso genere adiuncta, potius cognationi verborum quam auditori calumnianti geremus3 morem.

2. Huius rei auctor satis mihi Chrysippus et Antipater et illi in quibus, si non tantum acuminis, at plus litterarum, in quo est Aristophanes et Apollodorus, qui omnes verba ex verbis ita declinari scribunt, ut verba litteras alia assumant, alia mittant, alia

172

On the Latin Language, VI

Marcus Terentius Varro’s on the Latin Language

book v ends, and here begins

Book VI

I. 1. The sources of the words which are names of places and are names of those things which are in these places, I have written in the preceding book. In the present book I shall speak about the names of times and of those things which in the performance take place or are said with some time-factor, such as sitting, walking, talking: and if there are any words of a different sort attached to these, I shall give heed rather to the kinship of the words than to the rebukes of my listener.

2. In this subject I rely on Chrysippusa as an adequate authority, and on Antipater,b and on those in whom there was more learning even if not so much insight, among them Aristophanesc and Apollodorusd: all these write that words are so derived from words, that the words in some instances take on letters, in others lose them, in still others change them, as in the case of turdus ‘thrush’ takes place

173
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.varro-latin_language.1938