25δεξιτερῇ δ᾿ ἐν χειρὶ τινασσέτω ὄβριμον ἔγχος, κινείτω δὲ λόφον δεινὸν ὑπὲρ κεφαλῆς· ἔρδων δ᾿ ὄβριμα ἔργα διδασκέσθω πολεμίζειν, μηδ᾿ ἐκτὸς βελέων ἑστάτω ἀσπίδ᾿ ἔχων, ἀλλά τις ἐγγὺς ἰὼν αὐτοσχεδὸν ἔγχεϊ μακρῷ 30ἢ ξίφει οὐτάζων δήϊον ἄνδρ᾿ ἑλέτω, καὶ πόδα πὰρ ποδὶ θεὶς καὶ ἐπ᾿ ἀσπίδος ἀσπίδ᾿ ἐρείσας, ἐν δὲ λόφον τε λόφῳ καὶ κυνέην κυνέῃ καὶ στέρνον στέρνῳ πεπληγμένος ἀνδρὶ μαχέσθω, ἢ ξίφεος κώπην ἢ δόρυ μακρὸν ἑλών. 35ὑμεῖς δ᾿, ὦ γυμνῆτες, ὑπ᾿ ἀσπίδος ἄλλοθεν ἄλλος πτώσσοντες μεγάλοις βάλλετε χερμαδίοις δούρασί τε ξεστοῖσιν ἀκοντίζοντες ἐς αὐτούς, τοῖσι πανόπλοισιν πλησίον ἱστάμενοι.
12 Stob. 4.10.1 (vv. 1–14) + 6 (vv. 15–44)
οὔτ᾿ ἂν μνησαίμην οὔτ᾿ ἐν λόγῳ ἄνδρα τιθείμην οὔτε ποδῶν ἀρετῆς οὔτε παλαιμοσύνης,
- 4εἰς codd., corr. Camerarius
- 5ἐχθρὰν codd., corr. Bergk
- 6ὁμῶς suppl. Grotius
- 13σάουσι codd., corr. Buttmann
- 16ἂν codd., corr. Valckenaer μάθῃ West
- 17ἁρπαλέον Ahrens
- 33πεπαλημένος codd., corr. Brunck
- 34ἔχων West
- 38πανοπλίοισι(ν) codd., corr. Dindorf
brandish a mighty spear and let him shake the plumed crest above his head in a fearsome manner. By doing mighty deeds let him learn how to fight and let him not stand—he has a shield—outside the range of missiles, but coming to close quarters let him strike the enemy, hitting him with long spear or sword; and also, with foot placed alongside foot and shield pressed against shield, let everyone draw near, crest to crest, helmet to helmet, and breast to breast, and fight against a man, seizing the hilt of his sword or his long spear. You light-armed men, as you crouch beneath a shield on either side, let fly with huge rocks and hurl your smooth javelins at them, standing close to those in full armour.
12 Stobaeus, Anthology1
I would not mention or take account of a man for his prowess in running or in wrestling, not even if
- 1Plato, Laws 1.629a–630b (see test. 2), quotes vv. 1 and, with slight changes, most of 11–12 and paraphrases the contents of 1–20; in 660e–661a he again quotes v. 1 and paraphrases 1–12. We also have 13–16 in Theognis 1003–1006 (with σοφῷ in place of νέῳ) and much of 37–42 is repeated in Theognis 935–38.