]οῖσι φί[λ 10] πώμθα κ[ ] γύτεροι γέν[εος· αὐτὸς γὰρ Κρονίων⌋ καλλιστεφάνου ⌊πόσις Ἥρης Ζεὺς Ἡρακλείδαις⌋ ἄστυ δέδωκε τ⌊δε, οἷσιν ἅμα προλιπ⌋όντες Ἐρινεὸν ⌊ἠνεμόεντα 15εὐρεῖαν Πέλοπ⌋ο⌊ ς⌋ νῆσον ἀφικόμ⌊εθα ]αυκώπ[ι]δος[
Strabo 8.4.10 (quae praecedunt v. ad fr. 8)
καὶ γὰρ εἶναί φησιν ἐκεῖθεν ἐν τῇ ἐλεγείᾳ ἣν ἐπιγράφουσιν Εὐνομίαν· “αὐτὸς—ἀφικόμεθα.” ὥστ᾿ ἢ ταῦτα ἀκυρωτέον (ἠκύρωται codd., corr. Porson) τὰ ἐλεγεῖα, ἢ Φιλοχόρῳ (FGrHist 328 F 215) ἀπιστητέον τῷ φήσαντι Ἀθηναῖόν τε καὶ Ἀφιδναῖον καὶ Καλλισθένει (124 F 24) καὶ ἄλλοις πλείοσι τοῖς εἰποῦσιν ἐξ Ἀθηνῶν ἀφικέσθαι, δεηθέντων Λακεδαιμονίων κατὰ χρησμὸν ὃς ἐπέταττε παρ᾿ Ἀθηναίων λαβεῖν ἡγεμόνα.
- 13τήνδε δέδωκε πόλιν Strabo (τηνδεδωκε palimps., δε supra lin. sec. Lasserre), ἄστυ ἔδωκε? West
they are?) nearer to the race (of the gods?). For Zeus himself, the son of Cronus and husband of faircrowned Hera, has given this state to the descendants of Heracles.2 With them we left windy Erineus3 and came to the wide island of Pelops4 . . . of the grey-eyed5 . . .
For Tyrtaeus says that he came from there6 in the elegy entitled Eunomia (vv. 12–15). Consequently we must either deny the validity of these elegiac verses or we must disbelieve Philochorus, who said that Tyrtaeus was an Athenian and Aphidnean,7 and Callisthenes and a great many others who said that he came from Athens when the Spartans asked for him in accordance with an oracle which instructed them to obtain a leader from Athens.
- 2On this myth and its significance see I. Malkin, Myth and Territory in the Spartan Mediterranean (Cambridge 1994) 15–45. See also n. 2 on fr. 19.
- 3In Doris in central Greece. Thucydides (1.107) calls Doris the “mother city of the Lacedaemonians” and names Erineus as one of three towns in it.
- 4Although the Peloponnese (lit. ‘island of Pelops’) is not strictly an island, it was so defined because of the narrow isthmus.
- 6Generally taken to mean ‘from Lacedaemon,’ but some understand ‘from Erineus.’
- 7No doubt here the deme Aphidnae in Athens, but there was also a place of the same name in Laconia.