Tyrtaeus, Fragments

LCL 258: 36-37

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Elegiac Poetry

Fragments

1 Arist. Pol. 5.6.1306b36

ἔτι ὅταν οἱ μὲν ἀπορῶσι λίαν, οἱ δὲ εὐπορῶσι (γίνονται αἱ στάσεις). καὶ μάλιστα ἐν τοῖς πολέμοις τοῦτο γίνεται· συνέβη δὲ καὶ τοῦτο ἐν Λακεδαίμονι, ὑπὸ τὸν Μεσσηνιακὸν πόλεμον· δῆλον δὲ {καὶ τοῦτο} (del. Verrall) ἐκ τῆς Τυρταίου ποιήσεως τῆς καλουμένης Εὐνομίας· θλιβόμενοι γάρ τινες διὰ τὸν πόλεμον ἠξίουν ἀνάδαστον ποιεῖν τὴν χώραν.

2 P. Oxy. xxxviii.2824, ed. Turner

] εοπρο[π ]ενακ[ ]ντεαα[ 5]ιδα[ ]άντ᾿ εἰδεν[ ἄ]δρς ἀνιστ[αμεν ][]ηγαα[

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Tyrtaeus

Fragments

1 Aristotle, Politics

Furthermore, factions arise whenever some (aristocrats) are extremely poor and others are well off. And this happens especially during wars; it happened too in Sparta in the course of the Messenian War, as is clear from the poem of Tyrtaeus called Eunomia.1 For some, hard pressed because of the war, demanded a redistribution of the land.

2 Oxyrhynchus papyrus (late 1st or early 2nd cent. a.d.)

. . .1 dear to the gods . . . let us obey (the kings since

  • 1Perhaps ‘Law and Order’ is an adequate rendering of the word. As A. Andrewes, “Eunomia,” CQ 32 (1938) 89–102, explains, the word describes “a condition of the state in which citizens obey the law, not a condition of the state in which the laws are good” (p. 89).
  • 1In what precedes v. 9 there are references to consultation of the Delphic oracle and to men standing up, presumably to speak.
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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.tyrtaeus-fragments.1999