ἐμμέτροις Καρνεονίκαις κἀν τοῖς καταλογάδην (fr. 85a Jacoby). ἐγένετο δὲ ἡ θέσις τῶν Καρνείων κατὰ τὴν ἕκτην καὶ εἰκοστὴν ὀλυμπιάδα, ὡς Σωσίβιός φησιν ἐν τῷ περὶ Χρόνων (fr. 3. Jacoby). Ἱερώνυμος δ᾿ ἐν τῷ περὶ Κιθαρῳδῶν, ὅπερ ἐστὶ πέμπτον περὶ Ποιητῶν (fr. 33 Wehrli), κατὰ Λυκοῦργον τὸν νομοθέτην τὸν Τέρπανδρόν φησι γενέσθαι, ὃς ὑπὸ πάντων συμφώνως ἱστορεῖται μετὰ Ἰφίτου τοῦ Ἠλείου τὴν πρώτην ἀριθμηθεῖσαν τῶν Ὀλυμπίων θέσιν διαθεῖναι.
3 Marm. Par. Ep. 34 (p. 12 Jacoby)
ἀφ᾿ οὗ Τέρπανδρος ὁ Δερδένεος ὁ Λέσβιος τοὺς νόμους τοὺ[ς κιθ]α[ρ]ω[ικ]οὺς [ἐκαινοτόμ]ησε καὶ τὴν ἔμπροσθε μουσικὴν μετέστησεν, ἔτη ΗΗΗ𐅄ΔΔΔΙ, ἄρχοντος Ἀθήνησιν Δρωπίδου.
4 Euseb. Chron. Ol. 34.31 (p. 96 Helm, ii 88s. Schöne)
Terpander musicus insignis habetur.
records in his Carnean Victors, both the metrical and the prose versions; and the Carnea were established in the 26th Olympiad (676/672 b.c.), as Sosibius says in his work On Chronology. Secondly, Hieronymus3 in his treatise On Cithara-singers, which is Book 5 of his work On Poets, says Terpander lived in the time of Lycurgus the lawgiver, who is universally agreed to have organized the first numbered Olympic Games4 along with Iphitus of Elis.5
3 Parian Marble
From the time when the Lesbian Terpander, son of Derdenes, introduced the new nomes of cithara-song and altered the earlier style of music 381 years1; Dropides was archon at Athens.
4 Eusebius, Chronicle
Olympiad 34. 3 (642/641 b.c.) 1: the musician Terpander is regarded as famous.
- 33rd c. b.c. philosopher and literary historian.
- 4I.e. in 776 b.c., but the date is at least a century too early for Terpander; for his alleged association with Lycurgus see also Plut. Agis 10.
- 5For the mistaken view that Terpander and Hipponax were contemporary see ‛Plut.’ Mus. 6.
- 1I.e. 645/644 b.c., 381 years before 264/263.
- 1A variant reading gives 641/640. For the calculations of Eusebius see A. A. Mosshammer, The Chronicle of Eusebius226 ff.