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Cornelii Taciti Historiarum

4. Deinde, ut verbis Cornelii Taciti loquar, sene Augusto Ianus patefactus, dum apud extremos terrarum terminos novae gentes saepe ex usu et aliquando cum damno quaeruntur, usque ad Vespasiani duravit imperium. Hucusque Cornelius.—Orosius vii. 3. 7.

5. Gordianus . . . Iani portas aperuit: quas utrum post Vespasianum et Titum aliquis clauserit, neminem scripsisse memini, cum tamen eas ab ipso Vespasiano post annum apertas Cornelius Tacitus prodat.—Orosius vii. 19. 4.

6. Nam quanta fuerint Diurpanei, Dacorum regis, cum Fusco duce proelia quantaeque Romanorum clades, longo textu evolverem, nisi Cornelius Tacitus, qui hanc historiam diligentissime contexuit, de reticendo interfectorum numero et Sallustium Crispum et alios auctores quam plurimos sanxisse et se ipsum idem potissimum elegisse dixisset.—Orosius vii. 10. 4.

7. Theodosius . . . maximas illas Scythicas gentis formidatasque cunctis maioribus, Alexandro quoque illi Magno, sicut Pompeius Corneliusque testati sunt, evitatis . . ., hoc est Alanos Hunos et Gothos, incunctanter adgressus magnis multisque proeliis vicit.—Orosius vii. 34. 5.

8. Hi vero (Locri), qui iuxta Delphos colunt, Ozolae nuncupantur . . . qui autem Libyam delati sunt, Nasamones appellantur, ut Cornelius Tacitus refert, oriundi a Naryciis etc. Servii Comment, in Verg. Aen. iii. 399 = I. p. 413, Thilo.

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Fragments of the Histories

4. Next, to quote the words of Cornelius Tacitus, “the gate of Janus, that had been opened when Augustus was old, remained so while on the very boundaries of the world new peoples were being attacked, often to our profit and sometimes to our loss, even down to the reign of Vespasian.” Thus far Cornelius.

5. Gordianus . . . opened the gates of Janus:1 as to the question whether anyone closed them after Vespasian and Titus, I can recall no statement by any historian; yet Cornelius Tacitus reports that they were opened after a year by Vespasian himself.

6. For the mighty battles of Diurpaneus, king of the Dacians, with the Roman general Fuscus,2 and the mighty losses of the Romans I should now set forth at length, if Cornelius Tacitus, who composed the history of these times with the greatest care, had not said that Sallustius Crispus and very many other historians had approved of passing over in silence the number of our losses, and that he for his own part had chosen the same course before all others.

7. Those vast Scythian peoples whom all our ancestors and even the famous Alexander the Great had feared and avoided according to the testimony of Pompeius3 and Cornelius . . . I mean the Alans, the Huns, and the Goths, Theodosius attacked without hesitation and defeated in many great battles.

8. But these (Locrians) who live near Delphi are called the Ozolians . . .; however, those who moved to Libya have the name of Nasomones, as Cornelius Tacitus reports, being sprung from the Narycii.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.tacitus-histories.1925