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Susarion

1

ἀκούετε λεῴ· Σουσαρίων λέγει τάδε υἱὸς Φιλίνου Μεγαρόθεν Τριποδίσκιος. κακὸν γυναῖκες· ἀλλ᾿ ὅμως, ὦ δημόται, οὐκ ἔστιν οἰκεῖν οἰκίαν ἄνευ κακοῦ. καὶ γὰρ τὸ γῆμαι καὶ τὸ μὴ γῆμαι κακόν.

Strοb. 4.22.68. (vv. 1+3–5); Tzetz. prol. in Ar. (p. 26.78 Koster), vv. 1–4

τῆς οὖν κωμῳδίας τῆς καλουμένης πρώτης πρῶτος καὶ εὑρετὴς γέγονεν ὁ Μεγαρεὺς Σουσαρίων ὁ Τριποδίσκιος, υἱὸς ὢν Φιλίνου, ὃς φαύλῃ γυναικὶ συνοικῶν ἀπολιπούσῃ αὐτὸν Διονυσίων ἠγμένων εἰσελθὼν εἰς τὸ θέατρον τὰ τέσσαρα ἰαμβεῖα ταυτὶ ἀνεφθέγξατο, ἃ μόνα τῶν ἐκείνου συγγραμμάτων ἐφεύρηνται, τῶν ἄλλων ἁπάντων ἠφανισμένων· “ἀκούετε—κακοῦ.” οὕτως ἡ πρώτη κωμῳδία τὸ σκῶμμα εἶχεν ἀπαρακάλυπτον.

cf. schol. Dion. Thr. (p. 19.4 Hilgard), Ioan. Diac. in Hermog. (Rabe, RhM 63 [1908] 149), Tzetz. π. κωμῳδίας (p. 39.18 Koster), Tzetz. schol. π. ποιητῶν (p. 88 Koster), Diom. (Gramm. Lat. i.488.23)

510

Susarion

1

Listen, people. These are the words of Susarion, son of Philinus, from Tripodeske in Megara. Women are a bane: but nevertheless it’s not possible to live in a household without bane. For to marry or not to marry, either is baneful.1

Tzetzes, Introduction to Aristophanes

The first poet and inventor of the so-called first comedy was Susarion of Tripodeske in Megara, the son of Philinus. Married to a bad wife who had left him, he entered the theatre at the festival of Dionysus and uttered these four iambic verses, which alone of his compositions have survived, all the others having disappeared: (vv. 1–4). Thus the first comedy had undisguised scurrility.

511
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.susarion-iambic_fragment.1999