Testimonia Vitae Atque Artis
1 Sud. Σ 1095 (iv 433 Adler)
Στησίχορος· Εὐφόρβου ἢ Εὐφήμου, ὡς δὲ ἄλλοι Εὐκλείδου ἢ Εὐέτους (Wilamowitz: Ὑέτους codd.) ἢ Ἡσιόδου. ἐκ πόλεως Ἱμέρας τῆς Σικελίας· καλεῖται γοῦν Ἱμεραῖος· οἱ δὲ ἀπὸ Ματαυρίας τῆς ἐν Ἰταλίᾳ· οἱ δὲ ἀπὸ Παλαντίου τῆς Ἀρκαδίας φυγόντα αὐτὸν ἐλθεῖν φασιν εἰς Κατάνην κἀκεῖ τελευτῆσαι καὶ ταφῆναι πρὸ τῆς πύλης, ἥτις ἐξ αὐτοῦ Στησιχόρειος προσηγόρευται. τοῖς δὲ χρόνοις ἦν νεώτερος Ἀλκμᾶνος τοῦ λυρικοῦ, ἐπὶ τῆς λζ΄ Ὀλυμπιάδος γεγονώς. ἐτελεύτησε δὲ ἐπὶ τῆς νϝ΄.εἶχε δὲ ἀδελφὸν γεωμετρίας ἔμπειρον Μαμερτῖνον καὶ ἕτερον Ἡλιάνακτα νομοθέτην. γέγονε δὲ λυρικός. καί ἐστιν αὐτοῦ τὰ ποιήματα Δωρίδι διαλέκτῳ ἐν βιβλίοις κϝ΄.φασὶ δὲ αὐτὸν γράψαντα ψόγον Ἑλένης τυφλωθῆναι, πάλιν δὲ γράψαντα Ἑλένης ἐγκώμιον ἐξ ὀνείρου, τὴν παλινῳδίαν, ἀναβλέψαι.
1 Suda, Stesichorus
Son of Euphorbus or Euphemus or according to others of Euclides or Euetes or Hesiod.1 From the city of Himera2 in Sicily: at any rate he is called the Himeraean; but some say he is from Matauria3 in Italy. Others say that when exiled from Pallantium4 in Arcadia he came to Catana5 and that he died there and was buried in front of the gate which is called Stesichorean after him. In date he was later than the lyric poet Alcman, since he was born in the 37th Olympiad (632/28 b.c.). He died in the 56th Olympiad (556/2 b.c.).6 He had a brother Mamertinus7 who was an expert in geometry and a second brother Helianax, a law-giver. He was a lyric poet. His poems are in the Doric dialect8 and in 26 books.9 They say that he was blinded for writing abuse of Helen and recovered his sight after writing an encomium of Helen, the Palinode, as the result of a dream.10 He was called Stesichorus
- 1For Euphemus cf. testt. 9, 13, for Euclides test. 14, for Hesiod, the famous poet, testt. 10–12; see also M. L. West,C.Q. 21 (1971) 303.
- 2See fr. 270, test. 8.
- 3See test. 9.
- 4W.G. Forrest, A History of Sparta 950–192 b.c., 76 suggests that the exile was due to Tegeate disapproval of Stesichorus’ support for a Spartan Orestes (fr. 216). See also fr. S 85 = 182 P.M.G.
- 5In Sicily, north of Syracuse.
- 6The Olympiad in which Simonides was born: cf. Sim. test. 1.
- 7See test. 15.
- 8Cf. frr. 261, 264, anon, elegiacs in schol. Pind. (i 10 Drachmann), and see West, loc. cit 304 with n. 2.
- 9Probably 26 poems (e.g. Geryoneis, Helen) are meant.
- 10See fr. 192.