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Sophocles

477 λήθουσι γάρ τοι κἀνέμων διέξοδοι θήλειαν ὄρνιν, πλὴν ὅταν τόκος παρῇ

Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers 4, 35; Plutarch, Table Talk 8, 1, 3, 718A

1 λήθουσι] πλήθουσι Plutarch 2 πλήν <γ᾿> Blaydes τόκος παρῇ] παρῇ τόκος Plutarch ΠΑΛΑΜΗΔΗΣ

According to the early epic Cypria, Palamedes was drowned by Diomedes and Odysseus while fishing. But Sophocles is likelier to have used the story that gold was found buried in his tent, and he was unjustly condemned for having taken bribes from the enemy. It is hard to guess what female person may have been given the instruction in fr. 478; perhaps the servant who according to a scholion on Euripides, Orestes 432 was paid to hide the gold in

478 εὔφημος ἴσθι μοῦνον ἐξορμωμένη

Ammonius, On Similar and Different Words 249 (ed. Nickau, p. 65, 16); Erennius Philo, Lexicon Parisinum 96 Nickau

248

Fragments of Known Plays

477

For the female bird does not notice the passage of the winds except when she is near to giving birth.a

Palamedes

Palamedes’ tent may have been a female in this play. With fr. 479 compare fr. 432; they may well have come from the same play. The existence of the Palamedes is explicitly attested by Eustathius, but the play may have had a double title. See on Nauplius Sails In and Nauplius Lights a Fire, and also on The Madness of Odysseus; one cannot rule out the possibility that these plays belonged to a tetralogy with a continuous theme. See fr. 855.

478

Only keep silent as you set out!a

249
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.sophocles-fragments_known_plays.1996