XXI Lycurg. in Leocr. 109 (p. 71 Durrbach)
τοιγαροῦν ἐπὶ τοῖς ἠρίοις (Wurm: ὁρίοις τοῦ βίου codd.) μαρτύριά ἐστιν ἰδεῖν τῆς ἀρετῆς αὐτῶν ἀναγεγραμμένα ἀληθῆ πρὸς ἅπαντας τοὺς Ἕλληνας, ἐκείνοις μὲν (XXIIb), τοῖς δ᾿ ὑμετέροις προγόνοις·
Ἑλλήνων προμαχοῦντες Ἀθηναῖοι Μαραθῶνι χρυσοφόρων Μήδων ἐστόρεσαν δύναμιν.
cf. Ael. Aristid. or. 28. 63, schol. Aristid. or. 46. 118 (p. 289 Frommel), Sud. II 30792 ἔκτειναν Μήδων ἐννέα μυριάδας Aristid. | ἔκτειναν M. εἴκοσι μ. schol.,
XXII Hdt. 7. 228
θαφθεῖσι δέ σφι αὐτοῦ ταύτῃ τῇ περ ἔπεσον καὶ τοῖσι πρότερον τελευτήσασι ἢ <τοὺς> ὑπὸ Λεωνίδεω ἀποπεμφθέντας οἴχεσθαι ἐπιγέγραπται γράμματα λέγοντα τάδε·
(a) μυριάσιν ποτὲ τῇδε τριηκοσίαις ἐμάχοντο ἐκ Πελοποννήσου χιλιάδες τέτορες.
ταῦτα μὲν δὴ τοῖσι πᾶσι ἐπιγέγραπται, τοῖσι δὲ Σπαρτιήτῃσι ἰδίῃ·
(b) ὦ ξεῖν᾿, ἀγγέλλειν Λακεδαιμονίοις ὅτι τῇδε κείμεθα, τοῖς κείνων ῥήμασι πειθόμενοι.
XXI Lycurgus, Against Leocrates
So on their tombs there is inscribed true testimony of their valour for all the Greeks to see: for the Spartans (XXII b), for your ancestors:
Fighting to defend the Greeks the Athenians laid low at Marathon the might of the gold-apparelled Medes.1
XXII Herodotus, Histories (on the fighting at Thermopylae)
They were buried where they fell, as were those who died before the departure of those whom Leonidas sent away, and over them are inscriptions worded as follows:
(a) Here four thousand from the Peloponnese once fought against three million.1
That is the inscription for the whole army; the Spartans have their own:
(b) Stranger, report to the Spartans that we lie here, obedient to their words.2
- 1Probably inscribed together with a list of the fallen on a stele on the grave-mound at Marathon. Aristides, scholiast on Aristides, and the Suda give a different pentameter: ‘(the Athenians at Marathon) killed ninety thousand (or ‘two hundred thousand’) of the Medes.’ The Suda reports that the couplet was on the painting of Marathon in the Stoa Poikile in Athens. No ancient authority ascribes it to Sim.
- 1Attributed to Sim. in Palatine Anthology.
- 2Much quoted by later writers; ascribed to Sim. in Palatine Anthology and by Cicero, who translated it (T.D. 1. 42).