Greek Lyric



Frr. 506–518 are from epinicians (see also 555), 519, 519A, 519B are papyrus scraps of epinicians, paeans and perhaps other choral lyric, 520–531 are from dirges, 532–536 are concerned with the poems on the battles of Artemisium and Salamis, 537–538 are from prayers, 539 is about a dithyramb, 540 is from the miscellaneous works; most of the


506 Phot. Lex. s.v. περιαγειρόμενοι (ii 77 Naber, p. 413s. Porson)

ἐκ τούτου σύνηθες ἐγένετο κύκλῳ περιπορευομένους τοὺς ἀθλητὰς ἐπαγείρειν καὶ λαμβάνειν τὰ διδόμενα. ὅθεν Σιμωνίδης περὶ Ἀστύλου φησὶν οὕτως·

τίς δὴ τῶν νῦν τοσάδ᾿ ἢ πετάλοισι μύρτων ἢ στεφάνοισι ῥόδων ἀνεδήσατο, νικάσ<αις> ἐν ἀγῶνι περικτιόνων;

cf. Sud. Σ 1054 (iv 90 Adler), Didym. ap. Miller Mélanges 403, Apostol. Cent. xiv 18 (ii 610 Leutsch-Schneidewin)

1 Page τοσάδε πετ. , Phot. τόσας δὴ πετ. Didym. 3 νίκας codd., suppl. Page

Greek Lyric


remainder cannot be classified: 541–543 are the longest pieces; 544–548 deal with the Argonauts, 549–579 deal with other mythological matter, 580 is from a propemptikon for Hiero, 581 refutes Cleobulus, 582–606 are book-quotations (in alphabetical order of author), 607–608 are from commentaries, 609–639 give isolated words (in alphabetical order), 640–644 give the content of various passages, 645–648 may be from the apophthegms (see test 47), 649 deals with metres, 650–653 are labelled ’doubtful and spurious’ by Page.

Epinicians for Runners

506 Photius, Lexicon (on περιαγειρόμενοι, ‘going round collecting’).

So it became customary for the athletes to go round and collect and accept what was offered. That is why Simonides speaks of Astylus1 as follows:

Who among men of this day has so often crowned himself with leaves of myrtle or garlands of roses after winning in a contest of the neighbours2?

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.simonides-fragments.1991