Semonides, Testimonia

LCL 259: 294-295

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Iambic Poetry



1 Suda (iv.363.1 Adler)

Σιμωνίδης Κρινέω, Ἀμοργῖνος, ἰαμβογράφος. ἔγραψεν ἐλεγείαν ἐν βιβλίοις β´ , ἰάμβους. γέγονε δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς μετὰ ϙ´ καὶ υ´ ἔτη τῶν Τρωικῶν. ἔγραψεν ἰάμβους πρῶτος αὐτὸς κατά τινας.

2 Suda (iv. 360.7 Adler)

Σιμμίας Ῥόδιος, γραμματικός. ἔγραψε Γλώσσας, βιβλία γ´· ποιήματα διάφορα, βιβλία δ´. ἦν δὲ τὸ ἐξ ἀρχῆς Σάμιος, ἐν δὲ τῷ ἀποικισμῷ τῆς Ἀμοργοῦ ἐστάλη καὶ αὐτὸς ἡγεμὼν ὑπὸ Σαμίων. ἔκτισε δὲ Ἀμοργὸν εἰς τρεῖς πόλεις, Μινῴαν, Αἰγιαλόν, Ἀρκεσίνην. γέγονε δὲ μετὰ υϛ´ ἔτη τῶν Τρωικῶν. καὶ





1 Suda

Semonides, son of Crines, from Amorgos, an iambic poet. He wrote elegiac poetry in two books1 and iambics. He flourished 490 years after the Trojan War.2 According to some he was the first writer of iambics.

2 Suda

Simmias of Rhodes, a grammarian. He wrote Glosses in three books and a variety of poems in four books.1 In origin he was from Samos, but in the colonization of Amorgos he was sent out as leader by the Samians. In Amorgos he founded three cities, Minoa,2 Aegialos and Arcesine. He flourished (was born?) 406 years after the Trojan War.3

  • 1See n. 4 on test. 2.
  • 2I.e., 693 b.c., if Eratosthenes’ dating of the war is being followed. Perhaps here, in contrast to the Suda‘s common practice, γέγονε means ‘was born’ rather than ‘flourished,’ since this would make the date agree with those sources which assign the poet’s floruit to the 660s (see test. 3).
  • 1It is clear that what follows pertains to Semonides and has been erroneously included under Simmias.
  • 2Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Ἀμοργός states that Semonides came from Minoa, perhaps suggesting a tradition which associated the poet only or primarily with this settlement. The other two cities were actually founded by Naxos (Klio 21 [1927] 313-14).
  • 3I.e., 777 b.c., but one MS provides the same date as in the entry above (693).
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.semonides-testimonia.1999