These two pieces, purporting to be speeches delivered in the Senate, are spurious beyond any reasonable doubt, probably school exercises of uncertain date, even though the first is quoted by Quintilian (Inst. 4.1.68, 9.3.89) apparently without misgiving. Its dramatic date appears to be 54 b.c., whereas the second, ostensibly a reply to the first, ranges over Sallust’s entire career. They are preserved in over two hundred manuscripts, mostly in conjunction with genuine works of Sallust or Cicero. The standard edition is now L. D. Reynolds’ Oxford Classical Text of Sallust (1991), to whose preface I am content to refer for further diplomatic information; apart from that, A. Ernout’s Budé edition of 1974 may be consulted. This text and translation are new; the Invectivae are not in my Teubner edition of Cicero’s Correspondence.
ϛ in my critical notes stands for corrections or conjectures in manuscripts of no authority. Departures from Reynolds’ text are indicated by asterisks.