Quintus Curtius

Quintus Curtius Rufus

Historiarum Alexandri Magni Macedonis

Liber III

I. Inter haec Alexander, ad conducendum ex Peloponneso militem Cleandro cum pecunia misso, Lyciae Pamphyliaeque rebus compositis ad urbem Celaenas1 2exercitum admovit. Media illa tempestate moenia interfluebat Marsyas, amnis fabulosis Graecorum carminibus 3inclitus. Fons eius, ex summo montis cacumine excurrens, in subiectam petram magno strepitu aquarum cadit; inde diffusus circumiectos rigat campos, liquidus et suas dumtaxat undas trahens. 4Itaque color eius placido mari similis locum poetarum mendacio fecit; quippe traditum est nymphas amore 5amnis retentas in illa rupe considere. Ceterum quamdiu intra muros fluit, nomen suum retinet; at


History of Alexander, III.

Quintus Curtius Rufus

History of Alexander the Great of Macedon

Book III

I. Meanwhile Alexander, after sending Cleandera 333 b.c with money to hire soldiers from the Peloponnesus and setting in order the affairs of Lycia and Pamphylia, moved his army to the city of Celaenae.b


Through the middle of the city at that time flowed the Marsyas, a river famed in the storied songs of the


Greeks. Its source, gushing forth from the summit of a mountain, falls with a great noise of its waters upon a rock below; from there, divided into several branches,c it irrigates the adjacent plains, cleard


and carrying only its own waters. Therefore its colour, like that of a calm sea, has given opportunity for a fancy of the poets; for it is said that nymphs, kept there by love of the river, dwell upon that 6rock.e Now, so long as it flows within the city the river retains its own name, but when it rolls forth

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.quintus_curtius-history_alexander.1946