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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY IV

PYTHAGORAS b

THE INSTITUTION The Community of Life and of Teaching (T1–T6) The Pythagorean Way of Life (T1)

T1 (14.10) Plat. Rep. 10 600a–b

ἀλλὰ δὴ εἰ μὴ δημοσίᾳ, ἰδίᾳ τισὶν ἡγεμὼν παιδείας αὐτὸς ζῶν λέγεται Ὅμηρος γενέσθαι, οἳ ἐκεῖνον ἠγάπων ἐπὶ συνουσίᾳ καὶ τοῖς ὑστέροις ὁδόν τινα παρέδοσαν βίου Ὁμηρικήν, ὥσπερ Πυθαγόρας αὐτός τε διαφερόντως ἐπὶ τούτῳ ἠγαπήθη, καὶ οἱ ὕστεροι ἔτι καὶ νῦν Πυθαγόρειον τρόπον ἐπονομάζοντες τοῦ βίου διαφανεῖς πῃ δοκοῦσιν εἶναι ἐν τοῖς ἄλλοις.

Friendship (T2–T3)

T2 (16 Mansfeld) Diog. Laert. 8.10

εἶπέ τε πρῶτος, ὥς φησι Τίμαιος [FGrHist 566 F13b], κοινὰ τὰ φίλων εἶναι καὶ φιλίαν ἰσότητα. καὶ αὐτοῦ οἱ μαθηταὶ κατετίθεντο τὰς οὐσίας εἰς ἓν ποιούμενοι.

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PYTHAGORAS b

PYTHAGORAS b

THE INSTITUTION The Community of Life and of Teaching (T1–T6) The Pythagorean Way of Life (T1)

T1 (14.10) Plato, Republic

Homer is said to have been, if not publicly, then privately, by his mode of life, a leader in education for some people who loved to associate with him and who transmitted to posterity a certain ‘Homeric’ way of life, just as Pythagoras himself was extraordinarily loved for this reason, and later, men who even now call their way of life ‘Pythagorean’ seem to be distinguished in some way from the others.

Friendship (T2–T3)

T2 (≠ DK) Diogenes Laertius

As Timaeus says, he was the first to say that friends’ possessions are in common and that friendship is equality. And his disciples deposited their possessions, combining them into one.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pythagoras-institution.2016