Testimonia Vitae Atque Artis
1 Sud. Π 2230 (iv 191 Adler)
Πρατίνας, Πυρρωνίδου ἢ Ἐγκωμίου, Φλιάσιος, ποιητὴς τραγῳδίας· ἀντηγωνίζετο δὲ Αἰσχύλῳ τε καὶ Χοιρίλῳ ἐπὶ τῆς ο΄ Ὀλυμπιάδος, καὶ πρῶτος ἔγραψε Σατύρους. ἐπιδεικνυμένου δὲ τούτου συνέβη τὰ ἰκρία ἐφ᾿ ὧν ἑστήκεσαν οἱ θεαταὶ πεσεῖν, καὶ ἐκ τούτου θέατρον ᾠκοδομήθη Ἀθηναίοις. καὶ δράματα μὲν ἐπεδείξατο ν΄, ὧν Σατυρικὰ λβ΄· ἐνίκησε δὲ ἅπαξ.
2 Hypoth. i Aes. Sept. (M + P.Oxy. 2256 fr. 2) (ii 1 Smith)
ἐδιδάχθη ἐπὶ Θεαγενίδου ὀλυμπιάδι οη΄. ἐνίκα Αἰσχύλος Λαΐῳ Οἰδίποδι Ἑπτὰ ἐπὶ Θήβας Σφιγγὶ σατυρικῇ, δεύτερος Ἀριστίας ταῖς τοῦ πατρὸς αὐτοῦ τραγωδίαις Περσεῖ Ταντάλῳ < > Παλαισταῖς σατύροις.
life and work1
1 Suda, Pratinas
Son of Pyrrhonides or of Encomius, of Phlius, tragic poet. He competed against Aeschylus and Choerilus in the 70th Olympiad (500/496 b.c.), and he was the first to write satyr-plays.2 It was when he was putting on a play that the platform on which the spectators were standing collapsed, and as a result the Athenians built a theatre. He put on fifty plays, thirty-two of which were satyr-plays. He won one victory.3
2 Introduction to Aeschylus, Seven against Thebes
It was produced in the archonship of Theagenides (468/7 b.c.) in the 78th Olympiad. Aeschylus was the winner with his Laius, Oedipus, Seven against Thebes and his satyr-play Sphinx; Aristias1 was second with his father’s tragedies, Perseus, Tantalus, . . . and the satyr-play, The Wrestlers.
- 1See also Lamprus test. 1.
- 2So ps.-Acro on Hor. A. P. 216, where Cratini is emended to Pratinae. Dioscorides xxiii 4 (Gow-Page) = A.P. 7. 707. 4 speaks of Phliasian satyrs. Cf. also Tzetz. De Poetis 92.
- 3For testimonia about his tragedies see Snell T.G.F. i 79f.
- 1Son of Pratinas, who must have died before 467.