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The Histories of Polybius

Fragmenta Libri Viii

I. Res Italiae

38.1. Ἄγκαρα, πόλις Ἰταλίας. τὸ ἐθνικὸν Ἀγκαράτης, ὡς Πολύβιος ὀγδόῃ. [Steph. Byz. p. 15, 7.]

38.2. Λοιπὸν τοῖς ἀδήλοις ἐλπίσι προσανέχων διὰ τὸ πρόδηλον τῆς τιμωρίας πᾶν ἔκρινεν ὑπομένειν. [Exc. Vat. p. 374 M. 26, 27 H.]

35. Ὅτι Τιβέριος ὁ Ῥωμαίων στρατηγὸς λόχῳ (1,2)ἐνεδρευθεὶς καὶ γενναίως ὑποστὰς σὺν τοῖς περὶ αὑτὸν τὸν βίον κατέστρεψεν. περὶ δὲ τῶν τοιούτων περιπετειῶν, πότερα χρὴ τοῖς πάσχουσιν ἐπιτιμᾶν ἢ συγγνώμην ἔχειν, καθόλου μὲν οὐκ ἀσφαλὲς ἀποφήνασθαι διὰ τὸ καὶ πλείους τὰ κατὰ λόγον πάντα πράξαντας, ὅμως ὑποχειρίους γεγονέναι τοῖς ἑτοίμως τὰ παρ᾿ ἀνθρώποις ὡρισμένα δίκαια παραβαίνουσιν· 2οὐ μὴν οὐδ᾿ αὐτόθεν ἀποστατέον τῆς ἀποφάσεως ἀργῶς, ἀλλὰ βλέποντα πρὸς τοὺς καιροὺς καὶ τὰς περιστάσεις οἷς μὲν ἐπιτιμητέον τῶν ἡγεμόνων, οἷς δὲ συγγνώμην δοτέον. ἔσται δὲ τὸ λεγόμενον δῆλον ἐκ τούτων.

492

Book VIII

Fragments of Book VIII1

I. Affairs of Italy

38.1. Ankara,2 a city of Italy, the ethnic is Ankarates, Polybius in Book 8.

38.2. Clinging to uncertain hopes, since on the other hand the punishment was certain, he3 decided to endure everything.

35. Tiberius,4 the Roman proconsul, fell into an ambush212 b.c. and after a gallant resistance perished with all who accompanied him. Regarding such accidents it is by no means safe to pronounce whether the sufferers are to be blamed or pardoned, because many who have taken all reasonable precautions have notwithstanding fallen victims to enemies who did not scruple to violate the established laws of mankind. Nevertheless we should not out of indolence at once abandon the attempt to reach a decision of this point, but keeping in view the times and circumstances of each case censure certain generals and acquit others. What I mean will be clear from the following instances.

  • 1The order of the excerpts and fragments is disputed and different in B-W and Hultsch. Here the order as reconstructed by WC 2.5 is followed: 38b / 35–36 / 3a / 1–2 / VII 14 b / 3–7. 8–14. 15–21. 24–34. 37. 22–23.
  • 2“No Italian town of this name is known; hence the context seems beyond recapture”(WC 2.115).
  • 3The reference seems to be to Achaeus.
  • 4Tib. Sempronius Gracchus. He died in 212 in an ambush, MRR 1.269.
493
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.polybius-histories.2010