LCL 406: 318-319
(959)ΠΟΤΕΡΑ ΤΩΝ ΖΩΙΩΝ ΦΡΟΝΙΜΩΤΕΡΑ, ΤΑ ΧΕΡΣΑΙΑ Η ΤΑ ΕΝΥΔΡΑ
1. ΑΥΤΟΒΟΥΛΟΣ. Τὸν Τυρταῖον ὁ Λεωνίδας ἐρωτηθεὶς Bποῖόν τινα νομίζοι, “ἀγαθὸν ποιητὴν” ἔφη “νέων ψυχὰς κακκονῆν”1· ὡς τοῖς νέοις διὰ τῶν ἐπῶν ὁρμὴν ἐμποιοῦντα μετὰ θυμοῦ καὶ φιλοτιμίας ἐν ταῖς μάχαις ἀφειδοῦσιν2 αὑτῶν. δέδια δή, ὦ φίλοι, μὴ καὶ τὸ τῆς κυνηγεσίας ἐγκώμιον ἐχθὲς ἀνεγνωσμένον ἐπάρῃ τοῦ μετρίου πέρα τοὺς φιλοθήρους ἡμῖν νεανίσκους, ὥστε τἄλλα πάρεργα καὶ τὸ μηδὲν ἡγεῖσθαι, πρὸς τοῦτο παντάπασι ῥυέντας· ὅπου δοκῶ μοι καὶ αὐτὸς ἐκ νέας αὖθις ἀρχῆς παρ᾿
Whether Land or Sea Animals are Cleverer
1. autobulus. When Leonidas was asked what sort of a person he considered Tyrtaeus to be, he replied, “A good poet to whet the souls of young men,”d on the ground that by means of verses the poet inspired in young men keenness, accompanied by ardour and ambition whereby they sacrificed themselves freely in battle. And I am very much afraid, my friends, that the Praise of Huntinge which was read aloud to us yesterday may so immoderately inflame our young men who like the sport that they will come to consider all other occupations as of minor, or of no, importance and concentrate on this.f As a matter of fact, I myself caught the old fever all over again
- aPlutarch’s father; on controversial points connected with this identification see Ziegler in Pauly-Wissowa, s.v. “Plutarchos,” 642 ff.
- bA friend of the household who appears in several of the Symposiacs and in the Amatorius also; he is not improbably the L. Mestrius Soclarus of Inscr. Gr. ix. 1. 61.
- cA speaker also in De Defectu Oraculorum (cf. Mor. 412 e). Of the other speakers in this dialogue, nothing definite is known except what may be inferred from the present work.
- dCf. Mor. 235 f, where it is an anonymous saying; but the Life of Cleomenes, ii (xxiii=805 d) also attributes it to Leonidas.
- eThe authorship of this work has been endlessly disputed, but present opinion (pace Sinko, Eos, xv, pp. 113 ff. and Hubert, Woch. f. klass, Phil, xxviii, pp. 371 ff.) holds that it is Plutarch himself who wrote it (Schuster, op. cit. pp. 8 ff.). Bernardakis (vii, pp. 142-143) included this passage (959 b-d) as a fragment of the lost work.
- f“There cannot be two passions more nearly resembling each other than hunting and philosophy” (Huxley, Hume, p. 139), and see Shorey’s note on Plato, Republic, 432 b L.C.L.); cf., however, Rep. 535 d, 549 a. See also Isocrates, Areopagiticus, 43 f.; Xenophon, Cynegetica, i. 18; xii. 1. ff.; Cyr. viii. 1. 34-36; Pollux, preface to book v; the proems of Grattius, Nemesianus, Arrian, etc.