Plutarch’s Moralia


1. Πρῶτον ἀξιῶ τὴν τῶν δογμάτων ὁμολογίαν ἐν τοῖς βίοις θεωρεῖσθαι· δεῖ γὰρ οὐχ οὕτως τὸν Bῥήτορα κατ᾿ Αἰσχίνην ταὐτὸ φθέγγεσθαι καὶ τὸν νόμον ὡς τὸν βίον τοῦ φιλοσόφου τῷ λόγῳ σύμφωνον εἶναι. ὁ γὰρ λόγος τοῦ φιλοσόφου νόμος αὐθαίρετος καὶ ἴδιός ἐστιν, εἴ γε δὴ2 μὴ παιδιὰν καὶ εὑρησιλογίαν3 ἕνεκα δόξης ἀλλ᾿ ἔργον ἄξιον σπουδῆς τῆς μεγίστης, ὥσπερ ἔστιν, ἡγοῦνται φιλοσοφίαν.


Stoic Self-Contradictions

On Stoic Self-Contradictions

1. In the first place I require that the consistency of men’s doctrinesa be observed in their way of living, for it is even more necessary that the philosopher’s life be in accord with his theoryb than that the orator’s language, as Aeschines says,c be identical with that of the law. The reason is that the philosopher’s theory is a law freely chosen for his own,d—at least it is if they believe philosophy to be not a game of verbal ingenuity played for the sake of glory but, as it really is, an activity worthy of the utmost earnestness.e

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.plutarch-moralia_stoic_self_contradictions.1976