Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 418: 108-109


Pliny: Natural History

plagas, et carne et fimo equi in agro pasti, coagulo leporis ex aceto, contraque scorpionem et murem araneum. aiunt non feriri leporis coagulo perunctos. 155a scorpione percussis fimum caprae efficacius cum aceto decoctum auxiliatur, lardum iusque decocti potum et his qui buprestim hauserint. quin etiam si quis asino in aurem percussum a scorpione se dicat, transire malum protinus tradunt, venenataque omnia accenso pulmone eius fugere. et fimo vituli suffiri percussos a scorpione prodest.


XLIII. Canis rabiosi morsu facta volnera circumcidunt ad vivas usque partes quidam carnemque vituli admovent—et ius ex eodem carnis decoctae dant potui1—aut axungiam cum calce tusam, hirci iocur, quo inposito ne temptari quidem aquae metu adfirmant. laudant et caprae fimum ex vino inlitum, melis et cuculi et hirundinis decoctum et potum. ad reliquos bestiarum morsus caprinum caseum siccum cum origano inponunt et bibi iubent, ad hominis morsus carnem bubulam coctam, efficacius vituli, si non ante quintum diem solvant.


XLIV. Veneficiis rostrum lupi resistere inveteratum aiunt ob idque villarum portis praefigunt. hoc idem praestare et pellis e cervice solida manica existimatur, quippe tanta vis est animalis praeter ea quae retulimus ut vestigia eius calcata equis adferant torporem.



of a horse fed by pasture and the rennet of a hare in vinegar; the same for scorpions and the shrew-mouse. It is said that rubbing with hare’s rennet protects from being stung or bitten. Those stung by a scorpion are helped by she-goat’s dung, more efficaciously if it is boiled down in vinegar; the fat and broth of the decoction, if drunk, helps those too who have swallowed a buprestis. Moreover, if anyone says in the ear of an ass that he has been stung by a scorpion, the mischief, it is said, at once passes over into the animal, all venomous creatures run away from an ass’s burning lung, and those stung by a scorpion are benefited by fumigation with the dung of a calf.

XLIII. Wounds made by the bite of a mad dogRemedies for bites of mad dogs. some cut round into the quick and apply veal, giving to drink veal broth,a or else axle-grease pounded with lime, or he-goat’s liver, an application of which is said to keep off entirely the dread of water. Approved treatment is also she-goat’s dung applied in wine, and to drink a decoction of the dung of badger, cuckoo and swallow. For the other beast-bites dried goat’s cheese with marjoram is applied and recommended to be taken in drink; to human bites is applied boiled beef, boiled veal being more efficacious, if it is not taken off before the fifth day.

XLIV. Sorceries are said to be counteracted by aSorceries. wolf’s preserved muzzle, and for this reason they hang one up on the gates of country houses. The same effect is supposed to be given by the whole fur from a wolf’s neck, the legs included, for so great is the power of the animal that, besides what I have already stated, his footprints when trodden on by horses make them torpid.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938