Bryaxis Aesculapium et Seleucum1 fecit, Boedas adorantem, Baton Apollinem et Iunonem, qui sunt 74Romae in Concordiae templo, Cresilas2 volneratum deficientem, in quo possit intellegi quantum restet animae, et Olympium Periclen dignum cognomine, mirumque in hac arte est quod nobiles viros nobiliores fecit. Cephisodorus3 Minervam mirabilem in portu Atheniensium et aram ad templum Iovis Servatoris in eodem portu, cui pauca comparantur, Canachus 75Apollinem nudum, qui Philesius cognominatur, in Didymaeo Aeginetica aeris temperatura, cervumque una ita vestigiis suspendit, ut linum4 subter pedes trahatur alterno morsu calce digitisque retinentibus solum, ita vertebrato ungue5 utrisque in partibus, ut a repulsu per vices resiliat. idem et celetizontas pueros, Chaereas Alexandrum Magnum et Philippum patrem eius fecit, Ctesilaus doryphoron et 76Amazonem volneratam, Demetrius Lysimachen, quae sacerdos Minervae fuit lxiiii annis, idem et Minervam, quae mycetica6 appellatur—dracones7 in Gorgone eius ad ictus citharae tinnitu resonant;—idem
Bryaxis made statues of Asclepius and Seleucus,aOther famous sculptors. Boëdas a Man Praying, Baton an Apollo and a Hera, both now in the Temple of Concord at Rome. Cresilas did a Man Fainting from Wounds, the expression of which indicates how little life remains, and the Olympian Pericles, a figure worthy of its titleb; indeed it is a marvellous thing about the art of sculpture that it has added celebrity to men already celebrated. Cephisodorus made the wonderful Athene at the harbour of Athens and the almost unrivalled altar at the temple of Zeus the Deliverer at the same harbour, Canachus the naked Apollo, surnamed Philesius, at Didyma, made of bronze compounded at Aeginac; and with it he made a stag so lightly poised in its footprints as to allow of a thread being passed underneath its feet, the ‘heel’ and the ‘toes’ holding to the base with alternate contacts, the whole hoof being so jointed in either part that it springs back from the impact alternately.d He also made a Boys Riding on Race-horses. Chæreas did Alexander the Great and his father Philip, Ctesilaus a Man with a Spear and a Wounded Amazon, Demetrius Lysimache who was a priestess of Athene for 64 years, and also the Athene called the Murmuring Athenee—the dragons on her Gorgon’s head sound with a tinkling note when a harp is struck; he likewise did
- aProbably Seleucus I, King 312–280 b.c.
- b‘Olympian,’ ‘High and Mighty,’ as Pericles himself was called during his lifetime. Copies of this, and the basis of the original, still exist.
- cOr, ‘compounded on the Aeginetan formula.’ Cf. § 10.
- dPliny is not clear; the MSS. reading dente (‘tooth’ not ‘ivory’?) is altered here to ungue by conjecture. Perhaps he simply means that when the figure was rocked to and fro, a thread could be slipped under two feet. From coins we know that the small stag was not on the ground but on the god’s hand.
- eThe right reading is unknown.