Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 394: 166-167

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Pliny: Natural History

probati tamen, Antaeus,1 Callistratus, Polycles Athenaeus, Callixenus, Pythocles, Pythias, Timocles.

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Ita distinctis celeberrimorum aetatibus insignes raptim transcurram, reliqua multitudine passim dispersa. venere autem et in certamen laudatissimi, quamquam diversis aetatibus geniti, quoniam fecerant Amazonas, quae cum in templo Dianae Ephesiae dicarentur, placuit eligi probatissimam ipsorum artificum, qui praesentes erant, iudicio, cum2 apparuit eam esse, quam omnes secundam a sua quisque iudicassent. haec est Polycliti, proxima ab ea Phidiae, tertia Cresilae,3 quarta Cydonis, quinta Phradmonis.

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Phidias praeter Iovem Olympium, quem nemo aemulatur, fecit ex ebore auroque4 Minervam Athenis, quae est in Parthenone stans, ex aere vero praeter Amazonem supra dictam Minervam tam eximiae pulchritudinis, ut formae cognomen acceperit. fecit et cliduchum et aliam Minervam, quam Romae Paulus Aemilius ad aedem Fortunae Huiusce Diei dicavit, item duo signa, quae Catulus in eadem aede, palliata et alterum colossicon nudum, primusque artem toreuticen aperuisse atque demonstrasse merito iudicatur.

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Book XXXIV

nevertheless artists of repute: Antaeus, Callistratus, Polycles of Athens, Callixenus, Pythocles, Pythias and Timocles.

After thus defining the periods of the most famous artists, I will hastily run through those of outstanding distinction, throwing in the rest of the throng here and there under various heads. The most celebrated have also come into competition with each other, although born at different periods, because they had made statues of Amazons; when these were dedicated in the Temple of Artemis of Ephesus, it was agreed that the best one should be selected by the vote of the artists themselves who were present; and it then became evident that the best was the one which all the artists judged to be the next best after their own: this is the Amazon by Polycleitus, while next to it came that of Pheidias, third Cresilas’s, fourth Cydon’sa and fifth Phradmon’s. Pheidias, besides the Olympian Zeus, whichPheidias. § 49. nobody has ever rivalled, executed in ivory and gold the statue of Athene that stands erect in the Parthenon at Athens, and in bronze, besides the Amazon mentioned above, an Athene of such exquisite beauty that it has been surnamed the Fair.b He also made the Ladyc with the Keys, and another Athene which Aemilius Paulus dedicated in Rome167 b.c. ? at the temple of Today’s Fortune, and likewise a work consisting of two statues wearing cloaks which Catulus erected in the same temple, and another101 b.c. work, a colossal statue undraped; and Pheidias is deservedly deemed to have first revealed the capabilities and indicated the methods of statuary.d

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938