LXV. Holosteon sine duritia est herba ex adverso appellata a Graecis, sicut fel dulce, radice tenui1 usque in capillamenti speciem, longitudine quattuor digitorum, ceu gramen foliis angustis, adstringens gustu. nascitur in collibus terrenis. usus eius ad vulsa, rupta in vino potae. et volnera quoque conglutinat, nam et carnes, dum coquuntur, addita.92
LXVI. Hippophaeston nascitur in spinis ex quibus fiunt aenae fulloniae, sine cauliculo, sine flore, capitulis tantum inanibus et foliis parvis multis, herbacei coloris, radiculas habens2 albas, molles. sucus earum exprimitur aestate ad solvendam alvum tribus obolis, maxime in comitialibus morbis et tremulis, hydropicis, contra vertigines, orthopnoeas, paralysis incipientes.93
LXVIII. Hypecoön in segetibus nascitur foliis rutae. natura eius eadem quae papaveris suco.
- 1radice tenui ego, qui Hermolai Barbari tenui radice inverto: radice tenuis Mayhoff: tenuis codd., Detlefsen. Dioscorides (IV 11) ῥίλζαν δὲ σφόδρα λεπτὴν ὡς τρίχα.
- 2habens vulg. Detlefsen: om. codd.: radiculae albae Mayhoff.
- 3concava codd., vulg.: coma e Dioscoride Mayhoff, qui etiam comantia coni.
- 4folia parva exeuntia e foliis coni. Mayhoff: folio parvo exeunte de foliis codd., Detlefsen, Mayhoff in textu.
LXV. Holosteon (all-bone) is a plant with nothingHolosteon. hard about it, the name being an antiphrasis coined by the Greeks, just as they call gall sweet. Its root is so slender as to look like hair. Four fingers long, the plant has narrow leaves like grass and an astringent taste, growing on hills with deep soil. Taken in wine for sprains and ruptures it also closes wounds, for it even fastens together pieces of meat when boiled with them.
LXVI. Hippophaeston is to be founda among theHippophaestum. thorns out of which fullers’ pots are made up, having no stem, no blossom, but only little, hollow heads and many small leaves of the colour of grass. Its little roots are whitish and soft.b Their juice is extracted in summer; the dose to open the bowels is three oboli, being used especially in epilepsy, palsy, dropsy, and to treat giddiness, orthopnoea, and incipient paralysis.
LXVII. Hypoglossa has leaves shaped like those ofHypoglossa. wild myrtle, concave, prickly, and on them as it were tongues, small leaves growing out of the leaves proper. A chaplet made from these and placed on the head relieves headache.c
LXVIII. Hypecoön grows in cornfields and hasHypecoön. leaves like those of rue. Its properties are those of poppy juice.
- aA strange phrase, which should mean: “grows among etc.” See now additional note, p. 483.
- bThe sense is the same whichever reading is adopted.
- cDioscorides has (IV 129): θαμνίσκος ἐστὶ μυρσίνῃ ἀγρίᾳ καὶ λεπτῇ ἔχων τὰ φύλλα ὅμοια, κόμην δὲ ἀκανθώδη καὶ ἐπ᾿ ἄκρου οἱονεὶ γλωττίδας, παραφύσεις μικρὰς παρὰ τοῖς φύλλοις. δοκεῖ δὲ ἡ κόμη περίαμμα εἶναι χρήσιμον κεφαλαλγοῦσι. The reason why Mayhoff emended concava to coma is clear, but the Greek and the Latin, although very alike, have some differences, the greatest perhaps being Pliny’s corona where the Greek has κόμη. The Latin coma, and also κόμη, are difficult words, and there is no English word that will serve as a translation on every occasion. Some remarks on them will be found on pp. 482–483.