Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 393: 444-445

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Pliny: Natural History

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LXV. Holosteon sine duritia est herba ex adverso appellata a Graecis, sicut fel dulce, radice tenui1 usque in capillamenti speciem, longitudine quattuor digitorum, ceu gramen foliis angustis, adstringens gustu. nascitur in collibus terrenis. usus eius ad vulsa, rupta in vino potae. et volnera quoque conglutinat, nam et carnes, dum coquuntur, addita.

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LXVI. Hippophaeston nascitur in spinis ex quibus fiunt aenae fulloniae, sine cauliculo, sine flore, capitulis tantum inanibus et foliis parvis multis, herbacei coloris, radiculas habens2 albas, molles. sucus earum exprimitur aestate ad solvendam alvum tribus obolis, maxime in comitialibus morbis et tremulis, hydropicis, contra vertigines, orthopnoeas, paralysis incipientes.

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LXVII. Hypoglossa folia habet figura silvestris myrti, concava,3 spinosa et in his ceu linguas folia parva exeuntia e4 foliis. capitis dolores corona ex his inposita minuit.

LXVIII. Hypecoön in segetibus nascitur foliis rutae. natura eius eadem quae papaveris suco.

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Book XXVII

LXV. Holosteon (all-bone) is a plant with nothingHolosteon. hard about it, the name being an antiphrasis coined by the Greeks, just as they call gall sweet. Its root is so slender as to look like hair. Four fingers long, the plant has narrow leaves like grass and an astringent taste, growing on hills with deep soil. Taken in wine for sprains and ruptures it also closes wounds, for it even fastens together pieces of meat when boiled with them.

LXVI. Hippophaeston is to be founda among theHippophaestum. thorns out of which fullers’ pots are made up, having no stem, no blossom, but only little, hollow heads and many small leaves of the colour of grass. Its little roots are whitish and soft.b Their juice is extracted in summer; the dose to open the bowels is three oboli, being used especially in epilepsy, palsy, dropsy, and to treat giddiness, orthopnoea, and incipient paralysis.

LXVII. Hypoglossa has leaves shaped like those ofHypoglossa. wild myrtle, concave, prickly, and on them as it were tongues, small leaves growing out of the leaves proper. A chaplet made from these and placed on the head relieves headache.c

LXVIII. Hypecoön grows in cornfields and hasHypecoön. leaves like those of rue. Its properties are those of poppy juice.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938