XLVIII. Agaricum potum obolis tribus in vini veteris cyatho uno lieni medetur, e panace omnium generum radix in mulso, sed teucria praecipue pota arida et decocta quantum manus capiat in aceti heminis tribus ad heminam.1 inlinitur eadem ex aceto aut, si tolerari non possit, ex fico vel aqua. polemonia bibitur ex vino, vettonica drachma in oxymelitis cyathis tribus, aristolochia ut contra serpentes. 76argemonia septem diebus in cibo sumpta lienem consumere dicitur, agaricum in aceto mulso obolis duobus. nymphaeae heracliae radix in vino pota et ipsa consumit. cissanthemus drachma bis die sumpta in vini albi cyathis duobus per dies xl lienem dicitur paulatim emittere per urinam. prodest et hysopum cum fico decoctum, lonchitidis radix decocta priusquam semen demittat, peucedani quoque 77radix et lieni et renibus. lien suco acori poto2 consumitur—praecordiis et ilibus utilissimae radices3—clymeni semen potum diebus xxx pondere denarii in vino albo, vettonicae farina ex melle et aceto scillite pota, radix lonchitidis in aqua. teucrium inlinitur, item scordium cum cera, agaricum cum farina e feno Graeco.
XLVIII. Agaric taken in drink, the dose beingSplenic troubles. three oboli in one cyathus of old wine, is good for disorders of the spleen, as is the root in honey wine of all kinds of panaces, but best of all is teucria, dried and taken in drink by boiling down to one heminaa a handful of it with three heminae of vinegar. In vinegar it is also used as a liniment, or, if that cannot be borne, in figs or water. Polemonia is taken in wine, or a drachma of betony in three cyathi of oxymel, or aristolochia as used for snake bite. Argemonia, taken in food on seven consecutive days, is said to reduce the spleen, and so are two oboli of agaric in oxymel. It is reduced also by the root of nymphaea heraclia taken in wine or by itself. Cissanthemus, if a drachma is taken twice daily in two cyathi of white wine for forty days, is said to carry off the spleen gradually in the urine. Useful too is a decoction of hyssop with fig, or of the root of lonchitis before it sheds its seed, while a decoction of root of peucedanum is good for both spleen and kidneys. The spleen is reduced by the juice of acoron taken by the mouth—the roots are very useful for trouble of the hypochondria and groinb—by the seed of clymenus taken in drink for thirty days, the dose being a denarius by weight in white wine, by powdered betony taken in honey and squill vinegar, and by root of lonchitis in water. Teucriumc is used as liniment, likewise scordium with wax, or agaric with powdered fenugreek.
- aAd flemina is a clever emendation, but the chapter deals with diseases of the spleen.
- bIt seems most natural to mend the grammar of this passage by making praecordiis . . . radices a parenthesis, a favourite trick of Pliny, and understanding consumit or utile before clymeni.
- cNotice both forms, teucria and teucrium, in the same chapter.