Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 393: 248-249

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Pliny: Natural History

segetibus hordeacis. claritatem facit inunctis oculis delacrimationemque ceu fumus, unde nomen. eadem evolsas palpebras renasci probibet.

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C. Acoron iridis folia habet, angustiora tantum et longiore pediculo, radices nigras minusque venosas, cetero et has similes iridis, gustu acres, odore non ingratas, ructu faciles. optumae Daspetiacae1 e Galatia, mox Creticae, sed plurimae in Colchide iuxta Phasin amnem et ubicumque in aquosis. recentibus virus maius quam vetustis, Creticae candidiores Ponticis. siccantur, ut iris,2 in umbra 158digitalibus frustis. nec non inveniuntur qui oxymyrsinae radicem acoron vocant, ideoque quidam hanc acorion vocare malunt. vis ei ad calfaciendum extenuandumque efficax,3 contra suffusiones et caligines oculorum, suco eiusdem poto contra serpentes.

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CI. Cotyledon parvula herba est in cauliculo tenero, pusillo folio,4 pingui, concavo ut coxendices. nascitur in maritimis petrosisque viridis5; radice olivae modo rotunda. oculis medetur suco. est aliud genus eiusdem sordidis foliis, latioribus densioribusque circa radicem velut oculum cingentibus, asperrimi

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Book XXV

gardens and crops of barley. Used as ointment for the eyes it improves the vision and, like smoke, produces tears, and to this fact it owes its name.a It also prevents eyelashes that have been pulled out from growing again.

C. Acoron has the leaves of the iris, only narrowerAcoron for the eyes, etc. and with a longer foot-stalk; it has dark roots and less veined, though in other respects these too are like those of the iris, pungent to the taste, with a not unpleasant smell, and carminative. The best come from †Daspetos†b in Galatia, then come Cretan roots, but they are found most abundantly in Colchis near the river Phasis and wherever there are watery districts. Fresh roots have a stronger smell than stale, and the Cretan are paler than those of Pontus. They, like the iris, are dried in the shade in slices a finger in length. There are to be found those who give the name of acoron to the root of oxymyrsine, and for this reason some prefer to call this plant acorion. It has powerful properties as a calorific and discutient, is good for cataract and dimness of the eyes, and its juice is taken internally for snake bites.

CI. The cotyledon is a tiny plant on a tenderCotyledon for the eyes. little stem, with a very small fleshy leaf, which is concave like the hip joint. It grows in maritime and rocky places, fresh greenc in colour, and with a root that is oval like an olive. The juice is medicine for the eyes. There is another kind of cotyledon with dirty-green leaves, which are broader and closer together than those of the other, spread round the root as though it were an eyed; the taste is very

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938