Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 393: 236-237

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Pliny: Natural History

discuti, cicatrices extenuari, albugines quidem etiam iumentorum sideritide. nam chelidonia supra dictis omnibus mire medetur. panacis radicem cum polenta epiphoris inponunt. hyoscyami semen et bibunt obolo, tantundem meconii adicientes vinumque ad epiphoras inhibendas. inungunt et gentianae sucum quem collyriis quoque acrioribus pro meconio 143miscent. facit claritatem et euphorbeum inunctis. instillatur plantaginis sucus lippitudini. caligines aristolochia discutit, hiberis adalligata capiti, quinquefolium. epiphoras et si qua in oculis vitia sunt emendat verbascum. epiphoris inponitur peristereos ex rosaceo vel aceto. ad hypochysis et caliginem cyclamini1 pastillos diluunt, peucedani sucum, ut diximus, ad claritatem et caligines cum meconio et rosaceo. psyllion inlitum fronti epiphoras suspendit.

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XCII. Anagallida aliqui acoron2 vocant. duo genera eius: mas flore phoeniceo, femina caeruleo, non altiores palmo, frutice tenero, foliis pusillis rotundis, in terra iacentibus. nascuntur in hortis et aquosis. prior floret caerulea. utriusque sucus oculorum caliginem discutit cum melle et ex ictu

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Book XXV

removed, cloudiness and films are dispersed, and scars smoothed out; also that albugo even of draught animals is made better by sideritis. Buta chelidonia is a wonderful cure for all the abovementioned eye troubles. The root of panaces with pearl barley is applied to the eyes for fluxes. For checking such fluxes the seed of henbane is taken in wine in doses of an obolus with the same amount of poppy juice. Juice of gentian too is used as ointment, and it is also used instead of poppy juice as an ingredient of the more pungent eye salves. Euphorbeum too improves the vision of those whose eyes are anointed with it. The juice of the plantain is dropped into the eyes for ophthalmia. Films are dispersed by aristolochia, by hiberis attached to the head, and by cinquefoil.b Fluxes and eye-diseases generally are made better by verbascum. To fluxes is applied peristereos in rose oil or vinegar. For cataractc and film lozenges of cyclamen are dissolved <and applied>d; the juice of peucedanum, as we have said, poppy juice and rose oil being added, is good for improving the vision and for films. Psyllion rubbed on the forehead arrests fluxes.

XCII. Some call the anagallis, acoron. There are two kinds of it: the male with a scarlet flower, and the female with a blue one; neither is more than a span in height, the stem being tender, and the leaves tiny, round and lying on the ground. They grow in gardens and on moist ground. The blue-flowered kind blossoms first. The juice of either kind, applied with honey, disperses film on the eyes, suffusions of blood from a blow, and reddish argemae; the results

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938