Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 393: 216-217

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Pliny: Natural History

triclinium qua1 maduerit, laetiores convictus fieri. adversus serpentes conteritur ex vino.

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LX. Est similis verbasco herba quae saepe fallit pro ea capta, foliis minus candidis, cauliculis pluribus, flore luteo. haec abiecta blattas in se contrahit ideoque Romae blattaria vocatur.

LXI Molemonium sucum lacteum mittit concrescentem gummis modo, umidis locis. datur denarii pondus in vino.

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LXII. Quinquefolium nulli ignotum est, cum etiam fraga gignendo commendetur, Graeci pentapetes aut pentaphyllon aut chamaezelon vocant. cum effoditur, rubram habet radicem. haec inarescens nigrescit et angulosa fit. nomen a numero foliorum. et ipsa herba incipit et desinit cum vite. adhibetur et purgandis domibus.

LXIII. Adversus serpentes bibitur et eius radix quae sparganion vocatur ex vino albo.

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LXIV. Dauci genera quattuor fecit Petronius Diodotus, quae persequi nihil attinet, cum sint differentiae duae, probatissimi in Creta, mox in Achaia et ubicumque in siccis nati, feniculi similitudine, candidioribus foliis et minoribus hirsutisque, caule pedali recto, radice suavissimi gustus et odoris. 111hoc in saxosis nascitur meridianis. reliqua genera ubique nascuntur terrenis collibus limitibusque, nec

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Book XXV

this plant has been soaked the entertainment becomes merrier. As a remedy for snake bites it is crushed in wine.

LX. There is a plant like verbascum which isBlattaria. often taken for it in error, but the leaves are less pale, the stems are more numerous, and the blossom is yellow. When thrown away it attracts moths to itself, and for this reason at Rome it is called blattaria, or moth verbascum.

LXI. Molemonium exudes a milky juice whichMolemonium. thickens like gum. It grows in moist localities, the dose being one denarius given in wine.

LXII. Cinquefoil is known to everyone, beingcinquefoil. popular for its actually producing strawberries. The Greeks call it pentapetes, pentaphyllon, or chamaezelon. When it is dug up it has a red root, which as it dries becomes black and angular. The name is derived from the number of the leaves. The plant itself buds and sheds its leaves with the vine. It is also used in purifying houses.

LXIII. For snake bite is also given in white wineSparganion. the root of the plant that is called sparganion.a

LXIV. Four kinds of daucusb were distinguishedDaucus: four kinds. by Petronius Diodotus. There is no point in giving the details of these, as there are but two species. The most highly valued grows in Crete, the next in Achaia and everywhere in dry districts; it resembles fennel, but has paler, smaller and hairy leaves, a straight stem a foot high, and a root with a very pleasant taste and smell. This kind grows on rocky soils that face the south. The other kinds grow everywhere on earthy hills and cross-paths, but

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938