Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 393: 160-161

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Pliny: Natural History

vinoque gratiam adicit. eius genera duo fecere alia aliqui, alterum lato folio, alterum tenui.1

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XV. Heracleon siderion et ipsum ab Hercule inventum est, caule tenui digitorum quattuor altitudine, flore puniceo, foliis coriandri. iuxta lacus et amnes invenitur omniaque vulnera ferro inlata efficacissime sanat.

XVI. Est Chironis inventum ampelos quae vocatur chironia, de qua diximus inter vites, sicuti de herba cuius inventio adsignatur Minervae.

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XVII. Herculi eam quoque adscribunt quae apollinaris apud alios, apud nos2 altercum,3 apud Graecos vero hyoscyamos appellatur. plura eius genera: unum nigro semine, floribus paene purpureis, spinoso

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Book XXV

shade, and adds a pleasing taste to wine. Some hold that there are two other kinds of panaces, one with a broad, the other with a slender, leaf.a

XV. Heracleon siderion (“ironwort”) is yet anotherHeracleon siderion. discovery of Hercules. It has a slender stem about four fingers high, a flower of a deep red and leaves like those of coriander. It is found near ponds and rivers, and heals very thoroughly all wounds inflicted by iron.b

XVI. A discovery of Chiron’s was the vine called chironia, which I have mentioned in my section on the vines;c I have also mentioned a plant, the discovery of which is attributed to Minerva.d

XVII. To Hercules too they ascribe the plantApollinaris. which is called apollinaris by some, altercum by us Romans,e but by the Greeks hyoscyamos (“pig’s bean”). There are several kinds of it: one has black seed, with flowers that are almost purple, and a

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938