vinoque gratiam adicit. eius genera duo fecere alia aliqui, alterum lato folio, alterum tenui.134
XV. Heracleon siderion et ipsum ab Hercule inventum est, caule tenui digitorum quattuor altitudine, flore puniceo, foliis coriandri. iuxta lacus et amnes invenitur omniaque vulnera ferro inlata efficacissime sanat.
XVI. Est Chironis inventum ampelos quae vocatur chironia, de qua diximus inter vites, sicuti de herba cuius inventio adsignatur Minervae.35
- 1eius genera duo fecere alia aliqui, alterum lato folio, alterum tenui ego: eius genera duo fecere aliqui, levis folii, alterum tenuius Detlefsen: alia eius genera etc. Mayhoff: alia omittunt codd., in quibus non eius sed huius scriptum est. Sunt aliae lectiones, sed parvi momenti. Cf. ἄλλα δὲ πανάκη τὸ μὲν λεπτόφυλλον τὸ δὲ οὔ. Theophr. H.P. IX. 11, 4.
- 2apud alios, apud nos Urlichs: aut Mayhoff: apud aut aput codd.: del. Detlefsen.
- 3Hic (ante altercum) a rabulis Urlichs: ab alis Detlefsen: a rabie aliis Mayhoff: arabilis aut arbilis aut arabas codd.: ego delevi: apud Arabas altercum sive altercangenum vulg.
shade, and adds a pleasing taste to wine. Some hold that there are two other kinds of panaces, one with a broad, the other with a slender, leaf.a
XV. Heracleon siderion (“ironwort”) is yet anotherHeracleon siderion. discovery of Hercules. It has a slender stem about four fingers high, a flower of a deep red and leaves like those of coriander. It is found near ponds and rivers, and heals very thoroughly all wounds inflicted by iron.b
XVII. To Hercules too they ascribe the plantApollinaris. which is called apollinaris by some, altercum by us Romans,e but by the Greeks hyoscyamos (“pig’s bean”). There are several kinds of it: one has black seed, with flowers that are almost purple, and a
- aThe corresponding passage in Theophrastus implies a reference to two other sorts of panaces; the ordinary text of Pliny refers to two sorts of “this” kind, that is, of centaurion. Either Pliny has muddled once more, or his text must be emended. I have adopted the second alternative, thinking with Mayhoff that alia has dropped out, although I would insert it before aliqui and not after adicit, and agree with Detlefsen that huius should be changed to eius or panacis. My other emendations are based on folio, the reading of the MSS. V and R, and on the λεπτόφυλλον of Theophrastus.
- bHence the name siderion, derived from the Greek σίδηρος, iron.
- cSee XXIII. § 27.
- dSee XXII. § 43.
- eI have adopted here the emendation of Urlichs, omitting, however, his a rabulis. Pseudo-Dioscorides, IV. RV 68 (Wellmann), has twenty names for hyoscyamos, including ἐμμανές, Ἀπολλινάρις and ἰνσάνα. A copyist or commentator might be tempted to add a few of these, and perhaps the vulgate text arose in this way. To see in the corrupt arabilis or arbilis of three MSS. a reference to the madness supposed to be caused by hyoscyamos is natural; hence the a rabie of Mayhoff. But the variations in the MSS. have the appearance of corrupt glosses. The curious a rabulis of Urlichs supposes a connection between altercum and altercor.