Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 392: 502-503

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Pliny: Natural History

flos candidus, semen nigrum, parvum. tritum cum Attico melle oculorum epiphoris medetur, ii drachmis cum cyathis Attici iiii. decerpta manat lacte multo dulci herba,1 perquam utili2 aurium dolori nitri exiguo addito. folia resistunt venenis.

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LXVI. Pruni folia in vino decocta3 tonsillis, gingivis, uvae prosunt4 subinde colluto ore. ipsa pruna alvum molliunt, stomacho non utilissima, sed brevi momento.

LXVII. Utiliora persica sucusque eorum, etiam in vino aut in aceto, expressus. neque5 alius eis pomis innocentior cibus. nusquam minus odoris, suci plus, qui tamen sitim stimulet.6 folia eius trita inlita haemorrhagian sistunt. nuclei persicorum cum oleo et aceto capitis doloribus inlinuntur.

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Book XXIII

and small black seed. Pounded and added to Attic honey this seed cures fluxes of the eyes, the proportions being two cyathi to four drachmae of Attic honey. When broken this plant distils much sweet milk, which with the addition of a little soda is very beneficial for ear-ache.a The leaves are an antidote to poisons.

LXVI. The leaves of the plum boiled in wine arePlums. good for tonsils, gums and uvula, the mouth being rinsed with this decoction occasionally.b The fruit by itself relaxes the bowels, but is not very good for the stomach, though its effects are transitory.

LXVII. Peaches are more wholesome, and so isPeaches. their juice, which is also squeezed out and taken in wine or vinegar. No other food is more harmless than this fruit; nowhere do we find less smell or more juice, though the latter tends to create thirst. Peach leaves pounded and applied arrest haemorrhage. Peach kernels mixed with oil and vinegar make an application good for headache.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938