Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 392: 408-409

Tools

Pliny: Natural History

mellis unciae duae. iustum est ita temperatis1 sextariis tribus decoqui2 farinae lolii sextarios ii usque ad crassitudinem, calidumque inponi dolentibus membris. eadem farina extrahit ossa fracta.

161

LXXVIII. Miliaria appellatur herba quae necat milium. haec trita et cornu cum vino infusa podagras iumentorum dicitur sanare.

LXXIX. Bromos semen est spicam ferentis herbae. nascitur inter vitia segetis avenae genere, folia et stipula triticum imitantur. in cacuminibus dependentes parvulas veluti locustas habet. semen utile ad cataplasmata aeque atque3 hordeum et similia. prodest tussientibus sucus.

162

LXXX. Orobanchen appellavimus necantem ervum et legumina, alii cynomorion eam appellant a similitudine canini genitalis. cauliculus est sine foliis, pinguis, rubens. estur et per se et in patinis, cum tenera est, decocta.

163

LXXXI. Et leguminibus innascuntur bestiolae venenatae quae manus pungunt et periculum vitae adferunt, solipugarum generis. adversus has omnia eadem medentur quae contra araneos et phalangia demonstrantur. et frugum quidem haec sunt in usu medico.

164

LXXXII. Ex iisdem fiunt et potus, zythum in Aegypto, caelia et cerea in Hispania, cervesia et

408

Book XXII

of honey; the right proportion is to take three sextarii of this mixture and boil down with it two sextarii of darnel meal until it reaches a certain consistency, and then it should be applied warm to the painful limbs. Darnel meal is also used to draw out splinters of bone.

LXXVIII. Miliaria is a plant so called because itMiliaria. kills millet. Pounded and poured with wine into a horna it is said to cure gouty pains in beasts of burden.

LXXIX. Bromos is the seed of an ear-bearingBromos. plant, growing among the weeds of the corn crop, in fact a species of oat, with leaves and stalk like those of wheat, and having as it were little locusts hanging down at the head. The seed is as useful for plasters as is that of barley and similar grain. A decoction is good for coughs.

LXXX. Dodder I have mentionedb as a plantBroom-rape. that kills vetches and leguminous plants; some call it cynomorion from its likeness to a dog’s genitals. Its stem is leafless, fleshy and red. It is eaten by itself or, when young, boiled in a saucepan.

LXXXI. There are poisonous insects, a species of venomous ant,c that breed in leguminous plants, stinging the hand and endangering life. For these stings the same remedies are good as have been mentioned for spiders and the phalangium. These then are the cereals that are used in medicine.

LXXXII. From the cereals are also made beverages:dBeers. zythum in Egypt, caelia and cerea in Spain,

409
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938