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Pliny: Natural History

hydropicis datur. caule et foliis contusis, asperso sale, nervi incisi sanantur. eadem trita ex aceto conluta matutinis bis mense dentium dolorem1 prohibet.

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XXV. Alterum est genus quod Graeci caesapon vocant. huius folia trita et cum polenta inlita ulceribus medentur. haec in arvis nascuntur. tertium genus in silvis nascens ἰσάτιν vocant. huius folia trita cum polenta vulneribus prosunt. quarto infectores lanarum utuntur. simile erat lapatho silvestri foliis, nisi plura haberet et nigriora. sanguinem sistit, phagedaenas et putrescentia ulcera et quae serpunt sanat, item tumores ante suppurationem, ignem sacrum radice vel foliis. prodest vel ad lienes pota. haec propria singulis.

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XXVI. Communia autem sponte nascentibus candor, caulis interdum cubitali longitudine, thyrso et foliis scabritia. ex iis rotunda folia et brevia habentem sunt qui hieracion vocent, quoniam accipitres scalpendo eam sucoque oculos tinguendo obscuritatem, 61cum sensere, discutiant. sucus omnibus candidus, viribus quoque papaveri similis, carpitur per messes inciso caule, conditur fictili novo, ad multa praeclarus. sanat omnia oculorum vitia cum lacte mulierum, argema, nubiculas, cicatrices adustionesque omnes, praecipue caligines. inponitur etiam oculis in lana 62contra epiphoras. idem sucus alvum purgat in posca

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Book XX

cyathus of water, is prescribed for dropsical patients. The crushed stalk and leaves, sprinkled with salt, cure a cut sinew. The pounded plant and vinegar, used as a mouth-wash twice a month in the morning, keeps away toothache.

XXV. There is a second kind, called caesapon byVarious kinds of lettuce. the Greeks, the pounded leaves of which, made into an ointment with pearl-barley,a heal sores. These two grow in the open fields. A third kind growing in woods is called ἰσάτις. Its leaves pounded up with pearl-barley are good for wounds. A fourth kind is used by dyers of wools. Its leaves would be like those of wild sorrel, were they not more numerous and darker. By its root or leaves it stanches bleeding, heals phagedaenic and putrefying ulcers, spreading ulcers, tumours before suppuration, and erysipelas. Taken in drink it is good even for the spleen. Such are the peculiar properties of the several kinds.

XXVI. The characteristics, however, common to the wild kinds are whiteness, a stem occasionally a cubit long, and a roughness on the stalk and on the leaves. Of these kinds, one with round, short leaves is called by some hieracion (hawkweed), since hawks, by tearing it open and wetting their eyes with the juice, dispel poor vision when they have become conscious of it. The juice in all of them is white, in its properties, also, like that of the poppy; collected at harvest by cutting the stem, it is stored in new earthenware, being excellent for many purposes. With woman’s milk it heals all eye-diseases—white ulcers, films, all wounds and inflammations, and especially dimness of sight. It is also applied to the eyes on wool for fluxes. The same juice purges the bowels if drunk in vinegar and water in doses not

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938