Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 371: 526-527

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Pliny: Natural History

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XLIX. Peregrinum et careum gentis suae nomine appellatum, culinis principale. in quacumque terra seri vult ratione eadem qua olusatrum, laudatissimum tamen in Caria, proximum Phrygia.

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L. Ligusticum silvestre est in Liguriae suae montibus, seritur ubique; suavius sativum sed sine viribus. panacem aliqui vocant; Crateuas apud Graecos cunilam bubulam eo nomine appellat, ceteri vero conyzam, id est cunilaginem, thymbram vero quae sit cunila. haec aput nos habet vocabulum et aliud satureia dicta in condimentario genere. seritur mense Februario, origano aemula: nusquam utrumque additur, quippe similis effectus; sed cunilae Aegyptium origanum tantum praefertur.

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LI. Peregrinum fuit et lepidium. seritur a favonio, dein, cum fruticavit, iuxta terram praeciditur, tunc runcatur stercoraturque. per biennium hoc postea, iisdem fruticibus, utuntur, si non saevitia hiemis ingruat, quando inpatientissimum est frigorum. exit et in cubitalem altitudinem, foliis lauri, sed mollioribus.1 usus eius non sine lacte.

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LII. Git pistrinis, anesum et anetum culinis et medicis nascuntur, sacopenium, quo laser adulteratur, et ipsum in hortis quidem, sed medicinae tantum.

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Book XIX

XLIX. The caraway is also an exotic, and bears aCaraway. name derived from the countrya it belongs to; it is chiefly for the kitchen. It will grow in any country if cultivated in the same way as black-herb, though the kind most highly spoken of grows in Caria, and the next best in Phrygia.

L. Lovage grows wild in the mountains of its nativeLovage. Liguria, but is cultivated everywhere; the cultivated kind is sweeter but lacks strength. Some people call it panax, but the Greek writer Crateuas gives that name to cow-cunila, though all others call that conyza,b which is really cunilago, while real cunila they call thymbra. With us cunila has another name also,Savory. being called satureia and classed as a spice. It is sown in February; and it is a rival of wild marjoram,Marjoram. the two never being used as ingredients together, because they impart a similar flavour; but only the Egyptian wild marjoram is reckoned superior to cunila.

LI. Pepperwort also was originally an exotic. ItPepperwort. is sown after the spring west wind starts, and then, when it has begun to shoot, it is cut down close to the ground and afterwards hoed and manured. Subsequently the plant thus treated is serviceable for two years with the same shoots, provided it is not attacked by a severe winter, as it is very incapable of bearing cold. It grows to a height of as much as eighteen inches; it has the leaves of the bay-tree, but softer. It is always used mixed with milk.

LII. Gitc is grown for use in bakeries, anise andOther kitchen plants and medicinal herbs. dill for the kitchen and for doctors; sacopenium, employed for adulterating laserwort, is also grown as a garden plant, but only for medicinal purposes.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938