Pliny the Elder, Natural History

LCL 352: 452-453

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Pliny: Natural History

Ichthyophagon multae, Odanda deserta, Basa, multae Sabaeorum. flumina Thanar, Amnum, insulae Doricae, fontes Daulotos, Dora, insulae Pteros, Labatanis, Coboris, Sambrachate et oppidum eodem nomine in continente. a meridie insulae multae, maxima Camari, flumen Musecros, portus Laupas; Scenitae Sabaei, insulae multae, emporium eorum 152Acila, ex quo in Indiam navigatur; regio Amithoscatta, Damnia, Mizi Maiores et Minores, Drymatina, Macae; horum1 promunturium contra Carmaniam distat p. mira res ibi traditur, Numenium ab Antiocho rege Mesenae praepositum ibi vicisse eodem die classe aestuque reverso iterum equitatu contra Persas dimicantem et gemina tropaea eodem in loco Iovi ac Neptuno statuisse.


Insula in alto obiacet Ogyris, clara Erythra rege ibi sepulto; distat a continente c͞x͞x͞v͞p., circumitur c͞x͞i͞i͞ d. nec minus altera clara in Azanio mari Dioscuridu, distans a Syagro extumo promunturio c͞c͞l͞x͞x͞x͞.

Reliqui in continente a noto etiamnum Autaridae, in montes vii dierum transitus, gens Larendani et Catapani, Gebbanitae pluribus oppidis sed maximis Nagia et Thomna templorum lxv: haec est amplitudinis 154significatio. promunturium, a quo ad continentem


Book VI

islands of the Fish-eaters, the uninhabited Odanda, Basa, a number of islands belonging to the Sabaei. The rivers Thanar and Amnum, the Doric Islands, the Daulotos and Dora springs, the islands of Pteros, Labatanis, Coboris and Sambrachate with the town of the same name on the mainland. Many islands to the southward, the largest of which is Camari, the river Musecros, Port Laupas; the Sabaei, a tribe of Scenitae,a owning many islands and a trading-station at Kalhat which is a port of embarkation for India; the district of Amithoscatta, Damnia, the Greater and Lesser Mizi, Drymatina, the Macae; a capeb in their territory points towards Carmania, 50 miles away. A remarkable event is said to have occurred there: the governor of Mesene appointed by King Antiochus, Numenius, here won a battle against the Persians with his fleet and after the tide had gone out a second battle with his cavalry, and set up a couple of trophies, to Jupiter and to Neptune, on the same spot.

Out at sea off this coast lies the island of Ogyris, famous as the burial-place of King Erythras; its distance from the mainland is 125 miles and it measures 112½ miles round. Equally famous is a second island in the Azanian Sea, the island of Socotra, lying 280 miles away from the extreme point of Cape Syagrus.c

The remaining tribes on the mainland situatedThe rest of Arabia. further south are the Autaridae, seven days’ journey into the mountains, the Larendani and Catapani tribe, the Gebbanitae with several towns, of which the largest are Nagia and Thomna, the latter with sixty-five temples, a fact that indicates its size. Then a cape the distance between which and the

  • aSee V. 65, n.
  • bRas Musandam.
  • cRas Fartak in Arabia.
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pliny_elder-natural_history.1938