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Plautus

Amphitrvo

Argvmentvm I

In faciem uersus Amphitruonis Iuppiter, dum bellum gereret cum Telobois hostibus, Alcmenam uxorem cepit usurariam. Mercurius formam Sosiae serui gerit 5apsentis; his Alcmena decipitur dolis. postquam rediere ueri Amphitruo et Sosia, uterque deluduntur [dolis] in mirum modum. hinc iurgium, tumultus uxori et uiro, donec cum tonitru uoce missa ex aethere 10adulterum se Iuppiter confessus est.

Argvmentvm II

Amore captus Alcumenas Iuppiter Mutauit sese in formam eius coniugis, Pro patria Amphitruo dum decernit cum hostibus. Habitu Mercurius ei subseruit Sosiae. 5Is aduenientis seruom ac dominum frustra habet. Turbas uxori ciet Amphitruo atque in uicem Raptant pro moechis. Blepharo captus arbiter Vter sit non quit Amphitruo decernere. Omnem rem noscunt. geminos illa enititur.

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Amphitryon

Amphitryon

Plot Summary 1

While Amphitruo was waging war against the Teloboians, Jupiter assumed his appearance and took a loan of his wife, Alcumena. Mercury takes on the form of his absent slave, Sosia. Alcumena is deceived by these tricks. After the real Amphitruo6 and Sosia have returned, they are both made fun of in a fantastic fashion. This leads to a quarrel between husband and wife, until Jupiter sends his voice from the skies, accompanied by a peal of thunder, and confesses to having been the adulterer.10

Plot Summary 2

Jupiter fell in love with Alcumena and changed his form into that of her husband, while he, Amphitruo, was fighting with the enemy in defense of his country. Mercury, in the guise of Sosia, acts as Jupiter’s servant. He deceives master and slave on their5 return. Amphitruo gives his wife a hard time, and he and Jupiter seize each as adulterers. Blepharo is called on as judge but cannot decide which one is Amphitruo. Amphitruo and Alcumena learn the whole truth. She gives birth to twin sons.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.plautus-amphitryon.2011