(1) Ὁ μὲν ὑπὲρ τετρώρων δι᾿ ἠπείρου μέσης 15ἱππεύσειν μέλλων ὑπ᾿ ὀρθῇ τιάρᾳ καὶ Λυδίᾳ στολῇ, Πέλοψ οἶμαι, θρασὺς ἡνίοχος καλὸν εἰπεῖν. ἴθυνε γάρ ποτε καὶ διὰ θαλάσσης τουτὶ τὸ ἅρμα, Ποσειδῶνος οἶμαι δόντος, ἄκρᾳ τῇ τοῦ τροχοῦ ἁψῖδι ὑπ᾿ ἀδιάντῳ ἄξονι τὰ τῆς γαλήνης 20διαθέων νῶτα. (2) Ὄμμα δ᾿ αὐτῷ γοργὸν καὶ αὐχὴν ἀνεστηκὼς τὸ τῆς γνώμης ἕτοιμον ἐλέγχει ἥ τε ὀφρῦς ὑπεραίρουσα δηλοῖ καταφρονεῖσθαι τὸν Οἰνόμαον ὑπὸ τοῦ μειρακίου. φρονεῖ γὰρ τοῖς ἵπποις, ἐπειδὴ ὑψαύχενές τε καὶ πολλοὶ 25τὸν μυκτῆρα καὶ κοῖλοι τὴν ὁπλὴν καὶ τὸ ὄμμα κυάνεοί τε καὶ ἕτοιμοι χαίτην τε ἀμφιλαφῆ
The man mounted on a four-horse chariot who is setting out to drive across the mainland, wearing an upright tiara2 and Lydian dress, is Pelops, I believe, a “bold charioteer”3 it is fair to call him. For he once guided this chariot even across the sea, doubtless because it was the gift of Poseidon, speeding over the back of the calm sea on the very edge of the wheel and keeping the axle unwetted.4 His flashing eye and erect head attest his alertness of mind, and his haughty brow indicates that the youth despises Oenomaüs.5 For he is proud of his horses, since they hold their necks high, are broad of nostril, hollow of hoof,6 dark-eyed and alert, and they lift
- 1The description should be compared with the treatment of the same subject by the elder Phil. Imag. I. 17, p. 69. The scene is laid at Olympia and pictures the preparation for the race.
- 2The upright tiara was the prerogative of royalty, cf p. 260, n. 1.
- 3Quoted from Iliad 8. 126.
- 4Iliad 13. 127. Poseidon in his car “set out to drive over the waves . . . and the axle of bronze was not wetted beneath”; cf. the description of Pelops’ chariot, the elder Phil., supra, p. 71. In Greek story, Pelops is associated with Asia Minor, usually with Lydia, from which he came to the Peloponnesus, which bears his name. Because he was the favourite of Poseidon, the god gave him the chariot which bore him across the sea from Asia Minor to secure Hippodameia as his bride.
- 5The father of Hippodameia.
- 6Xenophon, Art of Horsemanship I, 3: “For high hoofs have the frog, as it is called, well off the ground. . . . Moreover, Simonides says that the ring, too, is a clear test of good feet; for a hollow hoof rings like a cymbal on striking the ground.” Trans. Marchant, L.C.L.