δάκνειν ἢ ὀρύττειν. Λακεδαιμόνιοι μὲν οὖν καὶ ταῦτα νομίζουσιν ἀπογυμνάζοντες οἶμαι ἑαυτοὺς 35ἐς τὰς μάχας, Ἠλεῖοι δὲ ἀγῶνες ταυτὶ μὲν ἀφαιροῦσι, τὸ δὲ ἄγχειν ἐπαινοῦσιν. (4) Ὅθεν 349 K.τὸν Ἀρριχίωνα μέσον ἤδη ᾑρηκὼς ὁ ἀντίπαλος ἀποκτεῖναι ἔγνω καὶ τὸν μὲν πῆχυν τῇ δειρῇ ἤδη ἐνέβαλεν ἀποφράττων αὐτῷ τὸ ἆσθμα, τὰ σκέλη δὲ τοῖς βουβῶσιν ἐναρμόσας καὶ περιδιείρας ἐς 5ἑκατέραν ἀγκύλην ἄκρω τὼ πόδε τῷ μὲν πνίγματι ἔφθη αὐτὸν ὑπνηλοῦ τὸ ἐντεῦθεν θανάτου τοῖς αἰσθητηρίοις ἐντρέχοντος, τῇ δὲ ἐπιτάσει τῶν σκελῶν ἀνειμένῃ χρησάμενος οὐκ ἔφθη τὸν λογισμὸν τοῦ Ἀρριχίωνος· ἐκλακτίσας γὰρ τὸν 10ταρσὸν τοῦ ποδὸς Ἀρριχίων, ὑφ᾿ οὗ ἐκινδύνευεν αὐτῷ τὰ δεξιὰ κρεμαννυμένης ἤδη τῆς ἀγκύλης, ἐκεῖνον μὲν συνέχει τῷ βουβῶνι ὡς οὐκέτ᾿ ἀντίπαλον, τοῖς δέ γε ἀριστεροῖς ἐνιζήσας καὶ τὸ περιττὸν ἄκρον τοῦ ποδὸς ἐναποκλείσας τῇ 15ἀγκύλῃ οὐκ ἐᾷ μένειν τῷ σφυρῷ τὸν ἀστράγαλον ὑπὸ τῆς είς τὸ ἔξω βιαίου ἀποστροφῆς· ἡ γὰρ
pancratium—anything except biting and gouging. The Lacedaemonians, indeed, allow even these, because, I suppose, they are training themselves for battle, but the contests of Elis exclude them, though they do permit choking. Accordingly the antagonist of Arrichion, having already clinched him around the middle, thought to kill him;1 already he had wound his forearm about the other’s throat to shut off the breathing, while, pressing his legs on the groins and winding his feet one inside each knee of his adversary, he forestalled Arrichion’s resistance by choking him till the sleep of death thus induced began to creep over his senses. But in relaxing the tension of his legs he failed to forestall the scheme of Arrichion; for the latter kicked back with the sole of his right foot (as the result of which his right side was imperilled since now his knee was hanging unsupported), then with his groin he holds his adversary tight till he can no longer resist, and, throwing his weight down toward the left while he locks the latter’s foot tightly inside his own knee, by this violent outward thrust he wrenches the ankle from its socket.2 Arrichion’s soul, though
- 1Paus. 8. 40. 2 describes an archaic statue of Arrachion (whom Philostratus calls Arrichion) in the market place of Phigaleia, which was erected for his victory in the pancratium in the 55th Olympiad (b.c. 564). His adversary, Pausanias says, got the first grip, and “twining his legs around him held him fast, while he squeezed his throat with his hands. Arrachion put one of his adversary’s toes out of joint and expired under the grip that his adversary had on his throat, but the latter in the act of throttling him was obliged at the same moment by the pain in his toe to give in. The Eleans crowned and proclaimed victorious the dead body of Arrachion” (Trans. Frazer). Philostratus refers to the story again, de arte gym. 21; and a brief account of it is given by Eusebius, Chron. 1. p. 202, Schöne.
- 2The pair wrestle standing, the opponent on the back of Arrichion with one arm clinched about his throat and the other apparently under his armpit, and with the legs on his groins and the feet twisted under the inside of his knees. But when his opponent relaxes his hold in the belief that Arrichion is conquered, the latter jerks back his right foot (giving up his firm stance) and throws himself over to the left. The very weight of his body, as his strength fails, helps the manœuvre. His opponent’s foot is caught the more securely under his knee and the force of his leftward thrust twists the ankle from its socket.