Philostratus of Athens, The Life of Apollonius of Tyana

LCL 16: 132-133

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Apollonius of Tyana

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1. Ἐντεῦθεν ἐξελαύνουσι περὶ τὸ θέρος αὐτοί τε ὀχούμενοι καὶ ὁ ἡγεμών, ἱπποκόμος δὲ ἦν τῶν καμήλων καὶ τὰ ἐπιτήδεια, ὁπόσων ἐδέοντο, ἦν ἄφθονα βασιλέως δόντος, ἥ τε χώρα, δι᾿ ἧς ἐπορεύοντο, εὖ ἔπραττεν, ἐδέχοντο δὲ αὐτοὺς αἱ κῶμαι θεραπεύουσαι· χρυσοῦ γὰρ ψάλιον ἡ πρώτη κάμηλος ἐπὶ τοῦ μετώπου ἔφερε, γιγνώσκειν τοῖς ἐντυγχάνουσιν, ὡς πέμποι τινὰ ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν ἑαυτοῦ φίλων.

2. Προσιόντες δὲ τῷ Καυκάσῳ φασὶν εὐωδεστέρας τῆς γῆς αἰσθέσθαι· τὸ δὲ ὄρος τοῦτο ἀρχὴν ποιώμεθα Ταύρου τοῦ δι᾿ Ἀρμενίας τε καὶ Κιλίκων ἐπὶ Παμφύλους καὶ Μυκάλην στείχοντος, ἣ τελευτῶσα ἐς θάλατταν, ἣν Κᾶρες οἰκοῦσι, τέρμα τοῦ Καυκάσου νομίζοιτ᾿ ἄν, ἀλλ᾿ οὐχ, ὡς ἔνιοί φασιν, ἀρχή, τό τε γὰρ τῆς Μυκάλης ὕψος οὔπω μέγα καὶ αἱ ὑπερβολαὶ τοῦ Καυκάσου τοσοῦτον ἀνεστᾶσιν, ὡς σχίζεσθαι περὶ αὐτὰς τὸν ἥλιον. περιβάλλει δὲ Ταύρῳ ἑτέρῳ καὶ τὴν ὅμορον τῇ Ἰνδικῇ Σκυθίαν πᾶσαν κατὰ Μαιῶτίν τε καὶ ἀριστερὸν Πόντον, σταδίων μάλιστα δισμυρίων μῆκος, τοσοῦτον γὰρ ἐπέχει μέτρον τῆς γῆς ὁ ἀγκὼν τοῦ Καυκάσου. τὸ δὲ περὶ τοῦ ἐν τῇ ἡμεδαπῇ Ταύρου

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Book II

Book II

1. They set out from there in the summer, riding with their guide, who served as groom for the camels. They had abundant provisions, and as much as they needed, by the gift of the king; the territory through which they traveled was prosperous; and the villages received them with attention, as the leading camel had a gold chain on its brow to tell those they met that the king was sending one of his friends on their way.

2. As they approached the Caucasus,1 they say that they noticed the soil smelling sweeter. This range can be considered as the origin of the Taurus that runs through Armenia and Cilicia to Pamphylia and Mycale.2 Here it terminates at the sea that borders on Caria, and should be considered the end of the Caucasus, and not its beginning, as some say. The height of Mycale is not very great, while the passes of the Caucasus are so elevated that they say the sun grazes against them. By means of a second Taurus, the Caucasus surrounds all of Scythia bordering on India, and is about twenty thousand stadia in length: that is the extent of the land enclosed within its angle. As for what is said about the Taurus in our region, that it stretches beyond

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.philostratus_athens-life_apollonius_tyana.2005