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[473]ΠΕΡΙ ΤΟΥ ΤΙΣ Ο ΤΩΝ ΘΕΙΩΝ ΕΣΤΙΝΚΛΗΡΟΝΟΜΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΕΡΙ ΤΗΣ ΕΙΣΤΑ ΙΣΑ ΚΑΙ ΕΝΑΝΤΙΑ ΤΟΜΗΣ

1I. Ἐν μὲν τῇ πρὸ ταύτης συντάξει τὰ περὶ μισθῶν ὡς ἐνῆν ἐπ᾿ ἀκριβείας διεξήλθομεν· νυνὶ δὲ πρόκειται ζητεῖν, τίς ὁ τῶν θείων πραγμάτων κληρονόμος ἐστίν. ἐπειδὴ γὰρ θεσπισθέντος ὁ 2σοφὸς ἤκουσε λογίου τοιούτου· “ὁ μισθός σου πολὺς ἔσται σφόδρα,” πυνθάνεται φάσκων· “δέσποτα, τί μοι δώσεις; ἐγὼ δὲ ἀπολύομαι ἄτεκνος. ὁ δὲ υἱὸς Μασὲκ1 τῆς οἰκογενοῦς μου οὗτος Δαμασκὸς Ἐλιέζερ,” καὶ πάλιν “ἐπειδὴ ἐμοὶ οὐκ ἔδωκας σπέρμα, ὁ δὲ οἰκογενής μου κληρονομήσει 3με.” καίτοι τίς οὐκ ἂν τὸ τοῦ χρησμῳδοῦντος ἀξίωμα καὶ μέγεθος καταπλαγεὶς ἄφωνος καὶ ἀχανὴς ἐγένετο, καὶ εἰ μὴ διὰ δέος, ἀλλά τοι τῷ περιχαρεῖ; ἐπιστομίζουσι γὰρ ὡς αἱ σφοδραὶ λῦπαι καὶ αἱ ὑπερβάλλουσαι χαραί. 4διὸ καὶ Μωυσῆς ἰσχνόφωνος ὁμολογεῖ καὶ βραδύγλωσσος γενέσθαι, ἀφ᾿ οὗ ἤρξατο ὁ θεὸς αὐτῷ διαλέγεσθαι. καὶ ἀψευδής ἐστιν ἡ τοῦ προφήτου μαρτυρία· τότε γὰρ εἰκὸς τὸ μὲν φωνητήριον

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Who Is the Heir

Who is the Heir of Divine Things and on the division into equals and opposites

I. In the preceding treatisea we have discussed as1 carefully as was possible the question of rewards. Now our task is to inquire who is the heir of divine things. When the Sage heard the oracular promise to this purport, “Thy reward shall be exceeding great,”2 he answers with the question, “Master, what wilt thou give me? I go hence childless. The son of Masek, she who was born in my house, is this Damascus Eliezer.”b And again he says “Since thou hast given me no seed, he that was born in my house shall be my heir” (Gen. xv. 1–3). Yet we3 should have expected that he (for who would not?) would have been struck mute and speechless in amazement at the majesty and greatness of the Giver of the oracle, if not for fear, at any rate for exceeding joy. For men are tongue-tied by overwhelming joy, as well as by violent grief. This it is that led Moses4 to confess that he has become feeble of voice and slow of tongue, ever since God began to hold converse with him (Ex. iv. 10). And the testimony of the prophet is true indeed. For at such times it is natural that

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.philo_judaeus-who_heir_divine_things.1932