Philo, On Rewards and Punishments

LCL 341: 312-313

Go To Section
Go To Section
Tools

Philo

ΠΕΡΙ ΑΘΛΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΕΠΙΤΙΜΙΩΝ1

(ΚΑΙ ΑΡΩΝ)

Philo

[408] 1I. Τῶν μὲν οὖν διὰ τοῦ προφήτου Μωυσέως λογίων τρεῖς ἰδέας εἶναι συμβέβηκε, τὴν μὲν περὶ κοσμοποιίας, τὴν δὲ ἱστορικήν, τὴν δὲ τρίτην νομοθετικήν. ἡ μὲν οὖν κοσμοποιία παγκάλως πᾶσα καὶ θεοπρεπῶς μεμήνυται, λαβοῦσα τὴν ἀρχὴν ἀπὸ γενέσεως οὐρανοῦ καὶ λήξασα εἰς ἀνθρώπου κατασκευήν· ὁ μὲν γὰρ ἀφθάρτων τελειότατος, ὁ δὲ θνητῶν. ἀθάνατα δὲ καὶ θνητὰ ἐν γενέσει συνυφαίνων ὁ ποιητὴς εἰργάσατο τὸν κόσμον, τὰ μὲν γενόμενα ἡγεμονικά, τὰ δ᾿ ὡς ὑπήκοα καὶ γενησόμενα.2 2 τὸ δὲ ἱστορικὸν μέρος ἀναγραφὴ

312

On Rewards and Punishments

On Rewards and Punishments

(And Curses)

I. The oracles delivered through the prophet Moses1 are of three kinds.a The first deals with the creation of the world, the second with history and the third with legislation. The story of the creation is told throughout with an excellence worthy of the divine subject, beginning with the genesis of Heaven and ending with the framing of man. For Heaven is the most perfect of things indestructible as man of things mortal, immortal and mortal being the original components out of which the Creator wrought the world, the one created then and there to take command, the other subject, as it were, to be also created in the future. The historical part is a record of2

313
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.philo_judaeus-rewards_punishments.1939