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Genesis, Book I

men time is believed to be the cause of the events of the universea; but by wise and cultured menb not time but God (is believed to be the cause), from Whom come times and seasons. But He is the cause not of all things but only of the good and of those which are in accordance with virtue.c For just as He is unsharing and without portion in evil, so also is He not responsibled for it. Third, in respect of the above statement (Scripture) indicates a certain excess of impiety in saying, “The time of all mankind has come “as if it meant that all men everywhere with one accorde had agreed upon impiety. And the statement that “the earth was filled with injustice “is as much as to say that no part of it remains emptyf so as to receive and support righteousness.g But the expression “against” “is a confirmation of what has been said, for the divine judgmenth of choicei alone is firm.j

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Genesis, Book II

Book II

1. (Gen. vi. 14) What is the constructiona of (the ark of) Noah?

If anyone wishes to examine that ark more physically,b he will find the construction of the human body (in it), as we shall discover in detail.

2. (Gen. vi. 14) Why does he (Noah) make the ark out of quadrangular beams?

First of all, the figure of a quadrangle, wherever placed, keeps its place firmly, making all right angles; and the naturec of the human body is constituted most impeccablyd and most faultlesslye Second, although our body is an instrumentf and each of its parts is rather rounded,g nevertheless the limbs constituted by these parts perforceh reduce the quadrangular figure to the circular one, as (for example) in the case of the chest, for the lungs are rather quadrangulari Such too is the stomach before it has become swollen with food or through intemperance,j for there are certain fat-bellied people whom one may leave out of the argument. However, if anyone will examine the arms and the hands and the back and the thighs and the feet, he will find them all in common having a quadrangular form together with a spherical one. Third, a

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.philo_judaeus-questions_answers_genesis.1953