Pherecydes, Testimonia, Part 1: Person (P)

LCL 525: 160-161

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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY II

P4 (8 Schibli) Ps.-Luc. Long. 22

[. . .] Φερεκύδης ὁ Σύριος [. . .] ὀγδοήκοντα καὶ πέντε.

His Teachers (P5–P7) Did He Have a Greek Teacher? (P5)

P5 (< A1) Diog. Laert. 1.116

Φερεκύδης Βάβυος Σύριος, καθά φησιν Ἀλέξανδρος ἐν Διαδοχαῖς [FGrHist 273 F85], Πιττακοῦ διακήκοε.

Or Did He Learn from Oriental Sources? (P6–P8)

P6 (< A2) Suda Φ.214

[. . . = P2] αὐτὸν δὲ οὐκ ἐσχηκέναι καθηγητήν, ἀλλ’ ἑαυτὸν ἀσκῆσαι, κτησάμενον τὰ Φοινίκων ἀπόκρυφα βιβλία [. . . = R5a].

P7 (< B4) Eus. PE 1.10.50 (= Ph. Bybl., FHG III Frag. 9)

παρὰ Φοινίκων δὲ καὶ Φερεκύδης λαβὼν τὰς ἀφορμὰς ἐθεολόγησε περὶ τοῦ παρ’ αὐτῷ λεγομένου Ὀφίονος θεοῦ καὶ τῶν Ὀφιονιδῶν [. . .].

P8 (38 Schibli) Flav. Jos. Apion. 1.14

ἀλλὰ μήν [. . . = D4] Φερεκύδην τε τὸν Σύριον καὶ

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PHERECYDES

P4 (≠ DK) Ps.-Lucian, Long-lived Men

[. . .] Pherecydes of Syros [. . . scil. lived] eighty-five years.

His Teachers (P5–P7) Did He Have a Greek Teacher? (P5)

P5 (< A1) Diogenes Laertius

Pherecydes, son of Babys, of Syros, studied with Pittacus,1 as Alexander says in his Successions.

Or Did He Learn from Oriental Sources? (P6–P8)

P6 (< A2) Suda

[. . .] he did not have a teacher himself, but he trained himself after he had acquired the secret books of the Phoenicians.

P7 (< B4) Philon of Byblos in Eusebius, Evangelical Preparation

Pherecydes, taking his starting point from the Phoenicians, expressed theological doctrines about the god that he calls Ophion and the Ophionids [cf. D11–D12] [. . .].

P8 (≠ DK) Flavius Josephus, Against Apion

But as for [. . .] Pherecydes of Syros, Pythagoras, and

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pherecydes-person.2016