PHERECYDES [7 DK]
P1 (< A1) Diog. Laert. 1.121
γέγονε δὲ κατὰ τὴν πεντηκοστὴν καὶ ἐνάτην Ὀλυμπιάδα.
P2 (< A2) Suda Φ.214
Φερεκύδης, Βάβυος, Σύριος [. . .] · γέγονε δὲ κατὰ τὸν Λυδῶν βασιλέα Ἀλυάττην, ὡς συγχρονεῖν τοῖς ζʹ σοφοῖς καὶ τετέχθαι περὶ τὴν μεʹ1 Ὀλυμπιάδα [. . . = P6].
P3 (< A5) Cic. Tusc. 1.16.38
[. . . = R14] antiquus sane; fuit enim meo regnante gentili [. . .].
- 1μεʹ] νεʹ G: μθʹ Rohde
PHERECYDESP Chronology (P1–P4)
P1 (< A1) Diogenes Laertius
He lived during the 59th Olympiad [= 544/40].
P2 (< A2) Suda
Pherecydes, son of Babys, of Syros [. . .]; he lived at the time of Alyattes, king of the Lydians [i.e. 605/560], so that he was contemporary with the Seven Sages and was born around the 45th Olympiad [= 600/596].1
P3 (< A5) Cicero, Tusculan Disputations
[. . . scil. he was] quite ancient, for he lived during the reign of my ancestor and namesake [i.e. Servius Tullius, 578/35].
- 1This is often corrected to the 49th Olympiad (584/80) on the supposition that the indication given in P1 refers to Pherecydes’ floruit (forty years old).