Pherecydes, Testimonia, Part 2: Doctrine (D)

LCL 525: 172-173

Go To Section
Go To Section
Tools

EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY II

καὶ τὴν Χθονίην καὶ τὸν ἐν τούτοις Ἔρωτα καὶ τὴν Ὀφιονέως γένεσιν καὶ τὴν θεῶν μάχην καὶ τὸ δένδρον καὶ τὸν πέπλον.

D4 (38 Schibli) Flav. Jos. Apion. 1.14

ἀλλὰ μὴν καὶ τοὺς περὶ τῶν οὐρανίων τε καὶ θείων πρώτους παρ’ Ἕλλησι φιλοσοφήσαντας, οἷον Φερεκύδην τε τὸν Σύριον [. . . = P8].

The Principles (D5–D7)

D5 (< B1) Diog. Laert. 1.119

[. . .] τό τε βιβλίον [. . .] οὗ ἡ ἀρχή· Ζὰς μὲν καὶ Χρόνος ἦσαν1 ἀεὶ καὶ Χθονίη ἦν·2 Χθονίῃ δὲ ὄνομα ἐγένετο Γῆ ἐπειδὴ αὐτῇ Ζὰς γῆν3 γέρας διδοῖ.

D6 (< A8) Dam. Princ. 124b (= Eudem. Frag. 117 Wehrli)

Φερεκύδης δὲ ὁ Σύριος [. . .] τὸν δὲ Χρόνον ποιῆσαι ἐκ τοῦ γόνου ἑαυτοῦ πῦρ καὶ πνεῦμα καὶ ὕδωρ [. . .] ἐξ ὧν ἐν πέντε μυχοῖς διῃρημένων πολλὴν ἄλλην γενεὰν συστῆναι θεῶν τὴν πεντέμυχον καλουμένην [. . .] [cf. R23].

172

PHERECYDES

Chthoniê, Eros who is among them, the birth of Ophioneus,1 the battle of the gods, the tree, and the robe [cf. D5, D8, D9, D10–D12].

D4 (≠ DK) Flavius Josephus, Against Apion

But as for those who were the first among the Greeks to philosophize about celestial phenomena and divine matters, like Pherecydes of Syros [. . .].

The Principles (D5–D7)

D5 (< B1) Diogenes Laertius

[. . .] the book [. . .] its beginning is: Zas [i.e. Zeus] and Chronos were always, and Chthonie was. But the name of Chthonie became Earth when Zas gave her the earth as a present [cf. R4].

D6 (< A8) Eudemus in Damascius, On the Principles

Pherecydes of Syros [scil. says] [. . .] that Chronos made out of his own seed fire, breath, and water [. . .] out of which, when they had been distributed in five nooks, was created another numerous generation of gods, called “the five-nook” one [. . .].

173
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.pherecydes-doctrine.2016