Oppian, Halieutica, or Fishing

LCL 219: 200-201

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Oppian

ΑΛΙΕΥΤΙΚΩΝ ΤΟ Α

Ἔθνεά τοι πόντοιο πολυσπερέας τε φάλαγγας παντοίων νεπόδων, πλωτὸν γένος Ἀμφιτρίτης, ἐξερέω, γαίης ὕπατον κράτος, Ἀντωνῖνε· ὅσσα τε κυματόεσσαν ἔχει χύσιν, ᾗχί θ᾿ ἕκαστα 5ἐννέμεται, διερούς τε γάμους διεράς τε γενέθλας καὶ βίον ἰχθυόεντα καὶ ἔχθεα καὶ φιλότητας καὶ βουλάς, ἁλίης τε πολύτροπα δήνεα τέχνης κερδαλέης, ὅσα φῶτες ἐπ᾿ ἰχθύσι μητίσαντο ἀφράστοις· ἀΐδηλον ἐπιπλώουσι θάλασσαν 10τολμηρῇ κραδίῃ, κατὰ δ᾿ ἔδρακον οὐκ ἐπίοπτα βένθεα καὶ τέχνῃσιν ἁλὸς διὰ μέτρα δάσαντο δαιμόνιοι. χλούνην μὲν ὀρίτροφον ἠδὲ καὶ ἄρκτον θηρητὴρ ὁράᾳ τε καὶ ἀντιόωντα δοκεύει ἀμφαδίην, ἕκαθέν τε βαλεῖν σχεδόθεν τε δαμάσσαι· 15ἄμφω δ᾿ ἀσφαλέως γαίης ἔπι θήρ τε καὶ ἀνὴρ μάρνανται, σκύλακες δὲ συνέμποροι ἡγεμονῆες κνώδαλα σημαίνουσι καὶ ἰθύνουσιν ἄνακτας εὐνὴν εἰς αὐτὴν καὶ ἀρηγόνες ἐγγὺς ἕπονται. οὐδ᾿ ἄρα τοῖς οὐ χεῖμα τόσον δέος, οὐ μὲν ὀπώρη 20φλέγμα φέρει· πολλαὶ γὰρ ἐπακτήρων ἀλεωραὶ λόχμαι τε σκιεραὶ καὶ δειράδες ἄντρα τε πέτρης αὐτορόφου· πολλοὶ δὲ τιταινόμενοι κατ᾿ ὄρεσφιν ἀργύρεοι ποταμοί, δίψης ἄκος ἠδὲ λοετρῶν

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Halieutica, I

Halieutica, or Fishing I

The tribes of the sea and the far scattered ranks of all manner of fishes, the swimming brood of Amphitrite, will I declare, O Antoninus,a sovereign majesty of earth; all that inhabit the watery flood and where each dwells, their mating in the waters and their birth, the life of fishes, their hates, their loves, their wiles,b and the crafty devices of the cunning fisher’s art—even all that men have devised against the baffling fishes. Over the unknown sea they sail with daring heart and they have beheld the unseen deeps and by their arts have mapped out the measures of the sea, men more than human. The mountain-bred Boar and the Bear the hunter sees, and, when he confronts him watches him openly, whether to shoot him afar or slay him at close quarters. Both beast and man fight securely on the land, and the hounds go with the hunter as guides to mark the quarry and direct their masters to the very lair and attend close at hand as helpers. To them winter brings no great fear, nor summer brings burning heat; for hunters have many shelters—shady thickets and cliffs and caves in the rock self-roofed; many a silvery river, too, stretching through the hills to quench thirst and

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.oppian-halieutica_fishing.1928