Menander Rhetor, Treatise 2

LCL 539: 298-299




1. Ἐὰν ἄρχοντα καλῇς εἰς πανήγυριν, ὡς ἔθος, ἐρεῖς μὲν ἐν τοῖς προοιμίοις τὴν αἰτίαν τῆς ἀφίξεως καὶ τῆς κλήσεως, ὅτι πέπομφεν ἡ πόλις πάλαι μὲν καὶ ἄνευ προφάσεως ποθοῦσα καὶ βουλομένη τῶν σοι προσόντων ἐξαιρέτων μετέχειν ὁσημέραι· πολὺ δὲ πλεῖον ἐπὶ τοῦ παρόντος, ὅτι καὶ πανήγυριν ἄγει καὶ δεῖται μείζονος θεατοῦ πρὸς τὰ δρώμενα.

2. Εἶτα ἐρεῖς ἐγκώμιον τῆς πανηγύρεως, ἐφ’ ἣν ἡ κλῆσις, εἰπὼν ὧδέ πως· ἵνα δὲ γνῷς τὴν ὑπόθεσιν καὶ τὴν πανήγυριν ἐφ’ ἣν ἡ κλῆσις, μικρὸν ἄνωθεν ἄρξομαι. καὶ ἐρεῖς τῆς πανηγύρεως ἐγκώμιον [μετὰ δὲ τὴν πανήγυριν ἐπαινῶν καὶ]1 λέγων ὅτι τίθεται θεῶν τινι ἢ ἡρώων.

3. Μετὰ δὲ τὸν τῆς πανηγύρεως ἔπαινον ἐρεῖς ἐγκώμιον τῆς πόλεως, εἴ τι ἀρχαῖον ἔχεις, εἶτα τοῦ ἄρχοντος ἀναγκαίως. δεῖ γὰρ πρότερον ἐγκωμιάσαι τὴν πανήγυριν (τοῦτο γὰρ ἐνταῦθα τὸ προηγούμενον καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν προηγουμένων ἄρχεσθαι μάλιστα δεῖ), εἶτα τὴν πόλιν, καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα τὸν ἄρχοντα. προσθήσεις δὲ πανταχοῦ τὸ τῆς πανηγύρεως· πλέον γάρ τι ἐχέτω καὶ οὗτος ὁ λόγος τὸ τῆς πανηγύρεως, διότι οὐχ



2.13. THE INVITATION SPEECH (klētikos logos)

1. If you are inviting a governor to a festival, as customarily happens, you should state in the introduction the reason for your coming and for the invitation. “The city has sent me because of its longstanding yearning and desire—even without a pretext—to enjoy your outstanding qualities each and every day, but much more so on the present occasion, for it is holding a festival and needs a spectator of greater importance to witness the events.”

2. Next you should praise the festival to which he is being invited, saying something along these lines. “So that you may appreciate the circumstances and the festival to which you are being invited, I shall begin with a bit of background.” You should praise the festival, telling how it is held for one of the gods or heroes.

3. After this encomium of the festival, you should praise the city—if, that is, you have some ancient legend to tell of—and then, by necessity, the governor himself. You must praise the festival first (for this is the principal subject in this case and one must above all begin with things of primary importance), next the city, and then the governor. At every point, bring up the topic of the festival, for this speech should devote a greater portion to it, as it

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.menander_rhetor-treatise_2.2019