Menander Rhetor, Treatise 2

LCL 539: 262-263

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MENANDER RHETOR

2.8. ΠΕΡΙ ΠΑΡΑΜΥΘΗΤΙΚΟΥ

1. Παραμυθητικὸν δὲ ὁ λέγων ὀδύρεται μὲν καὶ αὐτὸς τὸν πεπτωκότα καὶ ἐπὶ μέγεθος ἐγείρει τὴν συμφοράν, αὔξων ὡς οἷόν τέ ἐστι τῷ λόγῳ τὸ πάθος ἐκ τῶν ἀφορμῶν ὧν εἴπομεν περὶ μονῳδίας· χρὴ δὲ εἰδέναι ὅτι συνίσταται ἡ μονῳδία ἐκ τῶν ἐγκωμιαστικῶν [γένους, φύσεως, ἀνατροφῆς, παιδείας, ἐπιτηδευμάτων, πράξεων].1 οὐ μὴν φυλάξει τὴν ἀκολουθίαν τῶν ἐγκωμίων διὰ τὸ μηδ’ ἑαυτοῦ δοκεῖν εἶναι τὸν λέγοντα, ἀλλ’ ἐξεστηκέναι ὑπὸ τοῦ πάθους.

2. Τὰ δὲ ἐγκώμια διαιρήσεις κατὰ τοὺς τρεῖς χρόνους, ὡς προείρηται· ὁ μέντοι γε παραμυθούμενος ἐπιχειρήσας ἐκ τούτων2 ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ μέρει τοῦ λόγου, οἷον ὅτι νέος ὢν (ἂν οὕτω τύχῃ) παρ’ ἡλικίαν πέπτωκεν, οὐχ ὡς ἂν εὔξαιτό τις, καὶ γένος ἐστέρησεν τῆς

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2.8. THE CONSOLATION SPEECH

2.8. THE CONSOLATION SPEECH

1. The speaker of a consolation speech (paramythētikos logos) personally laments the fallen one and builds up the magnitude of the calamity by amplifying the suffering as much as he can in his speech, using the starting points we mentioned concerning the monody.1 One should note thatthe monody is constructed of the encomiastic topics [of birth, nature, upbringing, education, activities, and deeds].2 All the same, it will not preserve the regular order of encomia, because the speaker should not give the impression that he has self-control, but rather that he is overcome with emotion.

2. You should divide the encomia into three time periods, as was mentioned.3 The one offering consolation, however, should argue on the basis of these topics4 in the first part of the speech. For example, one might say (if such was the case), “He was young and fell before his time, a thing no one would pray for, and has robbed his family,

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.menander_rhetor-treatise_2.2019